us settle ourselves, and work and wedge our feet downward
through the mud and slush of opinion, and prejudice,
and tradition, and delusion, and appearance, that alluvion
which covers the globe till we come to a hard bottom
and rocks in place, which we can call reality, and say,
Henry David Thoreau, Walden
Bee on Dandelion - Owen
Food Editors Note
and thank you for being here.
am pleased to update food news and resources. As I began
looking at information I'd gathered toward publishing
a new update for January 2017, at first look back, I
became sad regarding the fragilness of our food system,
local, regional, national. Sad, because it has been
clear that without clean water systems, regenerative
seeds and healthy soil in cooperative realtionships,
that we are in a serious food crisis. If you have been
here before, you are aware that our USDA Food Bank resources
in 1981 were less than 3% of that recorded in our bank
at the turn of the century. So I had to step back and
look and as I asked questions found some positive hints
like Seed Libraries in public libraries!
seems, when looking at local food systems on a global
scale, we can find many communities and some nations
that have plans in action or have already initiated
plans to secure healthy food and water systems for humans
and animals. All this spell quality of life. There is
a glimmer of that here, even in the States.
this Food News you will find that States and Counties
Can Ban GMO Crops, The Difference between Open Pollinated
Seeds, Hybrids and GMO's, What is a Seed Bank and How
you can star one, Children's Wellbeing, Food security,
Regeneration of Local Food Systems, Largest Urban Organic
Fruit Orchard In US, Groundwater Buy in Indiana, Fraking,
Cuba's Organic Honey Exports, Indian Traders Boycott
Coca-Cola for 'Straining Water Resources, Lemongrass,
Chef Chris Swartzenruber, Cauliflower, Texas School
Triples Recess Time, Solving Attention Deficit Disorder,
Food EducationHarmful High Fructose Corn Syrup Hidden,
Salvadoran Peasant Farmers Clash With U.S. Over Seeds,
grow your own chia, Food Chain Workers Alliance, Small
Country With A Large Food Cluster, Tribal Groundwater
Rights, Coyotes, Eggs Within a Hen, Onion, Organic Food
France, Baking information, Recipes Shout Outs to Locals,
connections to sustainable seed and plant resources
that which is necessary to sustain health and well being
of all creatures on Turtle Island be nurtured into a
great wave of regeneration.
we work together to create a fruitful today and tomorrow.
you and may you create an enjoyable, sustainable, regenerative
of good food,
food is pure food. It's safer, more nutritious and free
of chemical additives. Organic crops are grown without
chemical pesticides or fertilizers and organic livestock
are raised without antibiotics, growth hormones or other
drugs. Organic food isn't genetically modified or irradiated.
have been referred to as a commons that belong to all
of us not just one person or one company that
can privatize or profit from them, Niel Thapar
(an attorney at the Sustainable Economies Law Center)
We all have a responsibility to preserve them,
and we all have the opportunity to benefit from them
is a seed bank?
community seed bank is a network of seed saving and
exchange, a site for exercising Seed Freedom. Seeds
are collected, saved, grown out, multiplied, selected,
distributed and the cycle continues, the circles
of freedom keep expanding.
Seed banks are also called seed Libraries, where
you can borrow seed like you borrow a book, and return
on reading (growing and multiplying).Some communities,
especially in Europe and USA, also have heritage seed
savers who grow and distribute heritage seeds at a cost.
In Navdanya, we promote community Seed Banks to recover
Seed as a commons. So far 80 community seed banks have
been set up by Navdanya.
How does it help
A seed bank will provide a refuge for local seed varieties
in your region. This is a crucial step towards seed
sovereignty at a time when patented seeds conquering
the markets leading to great scarcity for regional seed
varieties. Moreover, your seed back also can be a sanctuary
for wild or traditional plant varieties which are important
for its particular properties (like medicinal value,
nutrition content) but are not considered as a crop
How do I set up my own?
First, start collecting the seeds in your region. If
you are saving seeds in pots, keep it in a cool and
dry environment to prevent any damage. Similarly it
is important to label the pots with the details of the
seed variety contained in it (like the name of the variety,
particulars of the variety-for eg, drought tolerance
etc). If you are planting the seeds, make sure you are
able to identify the varieties cultivated (for instance,
by labeling the plants). Similarly, save a portion of
the seed before replanting the variety.
If you are a school, start saving seeds by setting up
a garden of life to save seeds of freedom.
If you are in a community, start a garden of hope
as a community seed bank. If you are associated with
a temple, church, mosque, gurudwara, start a seed sanctuary
or distribute seeds as a blessing. Download Navdanya
Guide to Seed Saving - Learn
Seed Libraries, YES!
Expect to see more of them, as they are
sprouting up everywhere!
or later, we
will have to recognise that the Earth has rights, too,
to live without pollution. What mankind must know is
that human beings cannot live without Mother Earth,
but the planet can live without humans. Evo
Public Libraries, Pima County, AZ - includes Tucson
Organizers: Librarians - initiated by Justine Hernandez
Partners: Native Seeds/SEARCH, Community Food Bank of
So. AZ & Pima County Master Gardeners, community
Special Notes: Has 8 seed library branches throughout
the county with inter-library loans of seeds throughout
all county branch libraries. Seeds are searchable on
the library database. Circulation data shows that about
60% of seeds are from locally saved and shared seeds.
For many years,
Wylie House Museum has been a community resource
for history and heirloom seeds in the Bloomington, Indiana
House is pleased to announce its new venture: a seed
library! We have had a succesful heirloom seed-saving
program for more than twenty years. The Seed Library
Program is an ideal progression for the museum, "growing"
our educational mission as part of I.U. Libraries.Our
seed-saving efforts have enhanced our living history
practice and provided not only our own gardens with
healthy heirloom seeds, but also provided the community
with a resource for these unique and genetically diverse
seeds through our annual seed sale.
Wylie House Museum is located at 307 E. 2nd St., Bloomington,
Conserve Community Seed Banks (CSBs) are places
of storage where indigenous seed varieties are conserved
and managed by community members. These ex-situ conservation
sites provide farmers with free and easy access to traditional
seeds under the condition that a farmer returns twice
the amount of seeds he or she borrowed. They not only
reduce farmers dependence on seed companies but
also help conserve the agro-biodiversity of their villages.
These seed banks form the cornerstone of GREENs
efforts for biodiversity conservation through community
Managed mostly by women, CSBs have successfully harnessed
the role of women in Indian agriculture as custodians
of biodiversity. Traditionally, it has been women who
select and store seeds after every harvest. In CSBs
their understanding as resource persons is used to good
effect, empowering them with a sense of pride and accomplishment
that raises their footing in the community. We facilitate
the set up of these seed banks by building a strong
relationship with the community. Members are trained
on seed selection, storage, record keeping and other
aspects of seed bank management. Green
Conserve Seed Banks
Difference Between Open Pollinated Seeds, Hybrids and
is common for people who support or defend genetically
modified foods (GMOs) to argue something along the lines
of, "What's the big deal? Humans have been genetically
modifying plants for thousands of years."
Unfortunately, this claim can only be made by someone
who either doesn't understand seed breeding, or who is
outright trying to deceive you. Here's why
Today, seeds are bred in only one of three ways: 1) in
an open pollinated environment, 2) through a hybrid cross,
and 3) through genetic modification. Let's look at each,
one at a time. Click
here to read entire article
Dawn Gifford SmFootprintFam
Swartzenruber is Upland's Executive Chef and in the
kitchen handling every task as necessary as wells managing
the day to day. From personal observations, his manner
with his crew is very relaxed, even when they are hustling
during very busy times. The only loud thing I have every
heard in the kitchen is the music. Yes, the very danceable
music that keeps the energy moving forward. I appreciate
his taking time to answer these questions and take the
pictures of him preparing Coconut Curry. Congratulations
on being a runner-up in the 2017 Golden Noodle Award!
FOOD - Are you originally from Bloomington?
- No, I'm from Columbus Indiana. I've been in Bloomington
for about 10 years now.
FOOD - How did you come to UPLAND and how long have
you been with this company?
CHEF - I originally came to upland as a dishwasher because
I needed a job to get by for a couple of months until
I hit the road again. Needless to say I ended up moving
back a year later and have been here ever since.
FOOD - Did you work in other food establishments before
coming to UPLAND? What positions in the kitchen have
you previously held?
CHEF - I've been in food service since I was able to
get my first job. I worked at a retirement home as a
server and a dishwasher until I was able to move on
to my first restaurant job. I was working at a Italian
restaurant as a host until I turned 18 and was able
to handle a knife. I started off on salad and pizza
station and worked my way all the way up the line within
a year to Sautee. I ended up moving from Columbus to
Bloomington and worked at red bud hills as the night
cook. 4 months went by and the sous chef was fired and
I was promoted and held that position for the next 3
years working under the same chef for all three years.
It was the perfect environment for me as I was able
to build my skills with that company. I was still young
and needed to travel so I took a couple year hiatus
and went to figure out who I really was. I've pretty
much worked every position possible in the upland kitchen.
When the offer came up to be the chef I felt that it
was the perfect opportunity for me to grow as a cook
LOCAL FOOD - When you were growing up, did you spend
time in the kitchen?
- Not a whole lot. My mom cooked a lot and showed my
brother and I a few things to get us by when she wasn't
home to cook for us. Like I said, I've been in the food
industry since I was 15. It is what I know and what
I love to do.
FOOD - Did your family and community play any significant
role in developing your interest in cooking?
- Not really, my high school had a culinary arts program
but I was more interested in the shop side of those
elective classes. Like welding, printing and multimedia.
Once I graduated high school I just fell right in to
the service industry and stayed.
FOOD - Have you been inspired by other cooks and chefs?
If yes, who are they and what about the food do you
- For sure, My stepfather always said to surround yourself
with people that are smarter than you and you will learn
a lot. Seth Elgar from noco reserve is one that has
inspired me a lot. His food is always on point and he
likes to do it proper. I'm inspired by so many different
cooking styles. Technique is everything when it comes
to cooking. You could give two people the same ingredients
and get two totally different dishes.
FOOD - There is a diverse lot of media programming around
cooking today. Do you find the time to watch any of
these programs and if yes, what and any comments?
- I try to but at the end I just can't sit down and
watch Television all that often. You still need to have
interest outside of work to keep you from going insane.
The industry can take a lot out of you. I like to go
home and skate or play music take my dog out. Usually
when I find the time to watch TV it's with my lady and
I end up falling asleep about 10 minutes in. I think
those shows could be beneficial as far as ideals go
but it seems like it's still just a step down from reality
TV. I do like documentaries about chefs and their lifestyles.
Mind of a chef is one that I enjoy watching. Instead
of it being a competition it's about their life and
how they became who they are today.
FOOD - When originally hired on, did you see yourself
becoming lead Chef; and how long have you held your
- No that was not my intention. I was just doing what
I knew how to do. I've been here for five years now
and through the years I've moved up through every position.
In the end it came down to it and I thought it would
be good for me to learn and keep challenging myself.
If you're siting stagnant you tend to get bored. If
you're able to try new thing and create then the possibilities
are endless. That is what kept me going.
FOOD - There seems to be a lot of creative energy amongst
your team. What is the thing that gives you the greatest
pleasure working with this group?
- The fact that they are able to bring so much to the
table. I couldn't create everything on my own. I rely
a lot on my team and I couldn't do it without them.
They are there when hard work arrives and plow through
it without complaint, and try to win the never ending
battle of foodservice. They are humble and open for
LOCAL FOOD - What is your management style?
CHEF - I try to be easygoing, have an open mind. In
the end, we are all people and we all should be treated
equally. I treat my staff as I would like to be treated.
FOOD - How do you de-stress on the job?
CHEF - I take 5 and step outside. Sometimes it's hard
to de-stress until you are away from your job. I simply
step away and take a minute to reflect on the situation
and go back in and figure it out.
FOOD - Describe the relationship between back-of-the-house
and front-of-the-house operations.
CHEF - It is often an amazing dance, even when there
are problems that either side may be unaware of. So
communication is very important. In the end we all work
to get along because that makes everything a lot smoother.
LOCAL FOOD - Since you've come into this chef position,
there have been a few changes to the menu. And I hear
that more are on the way. Can you say something about
that and do you foresee seasonal changes?
- Yes we always try to plan accordingly to what the
farmers have to offer. We try to keep our menu fresh
with what is in season. The last menu change we changed
15 items. Basically we changed all of the entrees and
a couple of sandwiches. We also spiced up some other
things on the menu to make a little more authentic.
FOOD - I know that the Upland is working on offering
a locally sourced menu. Has it been very challenging
to develop key menu items from what is available in
the community at large?
- It can be challenging, instead of doing what you planned
you have to incorporate what ingredient you have and
plan around that. We try to do as much with the local
farmers and creators as we can. Luckily we have great
farmers in this area that have a wide variety of product
for us to play around with.
FOOD - When you develop new menu ideas, do you first
begin at home or in the Upland kitchen?
When working these details out, are you in a constant
dialog with your other chefs?
- It can be something that you have prepared for friends
and family or an idea that you have wanted to try out
for a while. A lot of things come from something as
simple as a sauce for a side trail burger or a lunch
special that was off the charts. Yes, all avenues are
welcome to bring ideas to the table. We also encourage
other team members to develop specials so it keeps thing
FOOD - What can you say about the UPLAND Specials? Is
that your test kitchen?
- Defiantly, our specials are the main way we come up
with new menu items. We run them weekly Thursday-Saturday.
This is a way for us to see how it flows with everything
else and a good way to rule out what doesn't work and
what does. Not only are we able to make new things for
people to enjoy, we also get to see what we also get
to make improvements on what we are putting out.
FOOD - Do you have a personal culinary vision and if
yes, can you offer some ideas as to what that might
- Yes, It is good to keep things traditional but also
make them your own. I don't want to use premade items
if not necessary. That is one thing is creating something
that someone loves but also making it your own without
lowering the food quality. Quality over quantity any
FOOD - There is resurgence in the use of fermented foods.
Have you begun exploring making and or using them at
home or the restaurant?
- Not a lot, I've made sauerkraut and pickles/ pickled
goodies. As far as our menu goes we have house made
pickles and pickled onions
FOOD - What type of food do you most like to cook?
- I enjoy cooking southern style dishes and desserts.
I've cooked all different styles of food. I was never
been classically trained under any certain chef or style.
It's all things that I've picked up along the way. I
try to take a certain style or dish and put my own twist
on it, also while exploring the traditional way to prepare
or cook what we are putting out there.
FOOD - Do you have a favorite dish to prepare? Favorite
food(s) to cook with?
- I love making desserts and southern style dishes at
home. I think the good old fried chicken and pot roast
are probably some of my favorites. I also like making
FOOD - Do you have a favorite kitchen gadget or piece
- I would have to say my knives. Sometimes that is the
most important piece of equipment you could have. Other
equipment isn't necessary all of the time. Although
a nice stand mixer or emulsion blender are great things
to have around as well. A smoker/grill in a kitchen
is a must have. I've worked a couple places that didn't
have a grill and all you have is your oven and a flat
top stove. The grill can add so many flavors.
FOOD - What do you enjoy most in your job?
- The people that I work with and the people that we
get to make feel good by the food that we serve. It
may sound weird but ever since I first started cooking,
I like seeing people's facial expressions when they
are eating the food that you have prepared. That is
a sure sign that you have done your job right. Food
brings people together and I enjoy that. I also appreciate
that when the unexpected falls into the mix, people
show up doing their very best to keep things working
FOOD - What inspires you about food?
- If you think, where did this meat or veggies come
from? What is the story behind the dish or ingredients
that you are eating. The plate is like a blank canvas
that you are painting with food. You can tell a lot
about someone by the way they work or prepare food.
If you always put your all into what you are doing then
it will show in the end product.
FOOD - When home, do you enjoy cooking much?
- Yes, when I have time. I love to cook for families
and friends. When you're able to get a group together
to enjoy good food and good company it's never a bad
FOOD - How do you navigate your private life since you
are often in the kitchen and possibly on call for when
the restaurant is very busy.
- I've adjusted my personal life around my job basically.
It's funny how your weeks end up lining up the same
every week so you can have a life and a job. I've been
trying to take off and do more things that I would like
to do but in this industry weekends are our big days
and it's hard to get them off sometimes to do things
that you'd want to do. Needless to say I make it happen
so I don't go crazy.
FOOD - How do you relax and have fun?
- I love to be outside in the nice weather. I've been
skateboarding since I was a kid and still do it to stay
active. It's also something I'm very passionate about.
I like playing music with friends. I also love hanging
out with my beautiful, kind and supportive girlfriend
Sarah, and enjoying the company of her and our puppy
LOCAL FOOD - Is there a favorite individual food or
dish that you like to teach others how to make?
- It mainly comes down to training people on techniques
that I enjoy. I like teaching and explaining the right
ways to cook certain meats and why you need to prepare
them a certain way. Desserts as well, explaining the
proper way to bake a cake or make a cannoli or finding
the traditional and proper way to create certain recipes.
FOOD - Do you participate in any food events out in
the larger community or world?
- We do the local food events. Like, taste of Bloomington,
and Bloomington beer fest. Also some fundraisers like,
Soup bowl, Farmers market soup tasting.
FOOD - Upland has a growing number of local food vendors.
How did you learn to navigate all the people and food
- It can be tough sometimes. All of the vendors circle
up weekly to see what products we need. We usually know
what to keep an eye out for as far as seasonal items
are concerned. Most of the time we plan recipes/ specials
around what the local vendors will be bringing us.
FOOD - Are there any favorite places you enjoy traveling
to experience the food for personal pleasure or with
a desire to pick up a few tips?
- I've been to Copenhagen, Demark and that was probably
one of my most favorite places as far as skateboarding
and food are concerned. Such a beautiful city with so
much to offer.
FOOD - If you were cut off because of a major natural
event like a tornado or earth quake what would be the
six food items you would want most to have with you?
- Rice, salt, dried meats or veggies, oil, dried chilies,
FOOD - What cooking or prep tip can you offer the reader?
CHEF - When using a chef's knife be sure to keep your
fingers tucked back behind the blade. Ideally the side
of the blade should be rested on all 4 fingers. On the
part in between your two bottom knuckles.
LOCAL FOOD - Music - There is always music playing in
the kitchen. Do you have a favorite genre to listen
to and how does this music inspire your culinary arts?
CHEF - Yes, without music pumping the beat to our work
pace it could get pretty ugly back there. You need something
to keep you going. One of my favorite genres is country
and bluegrass. I love all types of music though. I think
it inspires the culinary arts by giving you a good feeling
while you are creating something for someone to eat.
LOCAL. CREATE SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITIES SUPPORT SMALL
BUSINESS. GLOBALLY, COMMUNITIES THAT EXIST IN A
SUSTAINABLE MANNER ARE ONES WHERE BASIC NEEDS OF
THE COMMUNITY ARE AVAILABLE IN NEARBY AREAS.
and Counties Can Ban GMO Crops Despite Federal Laws
By Tami Canal On April 8, 2017
S.D. Wells Thanks to the Ninth Circuit US Court of Appeals
and their recent interpretation of the Plant Protection
Act, all U.S. states, counties, and local communities
can actually ban (or regulate) the planting of any and
all commercially-grown genetically engineered crops,
no matter what the feds or Monsanto claims about GMO.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) finally approved
over-the-top use of Monsanto's dicamba-based herbicide
XtendiMax with VaporGrip Technology on dicamba-tolerant
cotton and soybeans that have already been on the market
for several growing seasons.
This means that farmers will no longer have to illegally
spray their genetically modified (GMO) cotton and soy
with older versions of an extremely volatile and drift-prone
herbicide. Over the summer, such activities caused 10
states to report widespread damage on thousands of acres
of non-target crops such as peaches, tomatoes, cantaloupes,
watermelons, rice, cotton, peas, peanuts, alfalfa and
soybeans. And last month, a dicamba drift dispute between
Arkansas farmers resulted in one farmer being shot to
Although Monsanto said it warned farmers against illegal
dicamba spraying, the company was sharply criticized for
selling its latest batch of GMO seeds before securing
EPA approval for the herbicide designed to go along with
it. Bollgard II XtendFlex cotton was introduced in 2015
and Roundup Ready 2 Xtend soybeans was introduced earlier
"We need to go after Monsanto. These farmers are
being hung out to dry," said Bill Bader, owner of
Bader Peaches, Missouri's largest peach producer, who
estimated a loss of 30,000 trees.
University of Arkansas weed specialist Bob Scott said
in an interview with National Public Radio, "This
is a unique situation that Monsanto created."
Peasant Farmers Clash With U.S. Over Seeds
Cruz Esmeralda Mejía, Maybelyne Palacios and
Rosa María Rivera growing plants from improved
maize seed in the La Maroma cooperative, in the Bajo
Lempa region of El Salvador. Credit: Edgardo Ayala/IPS
JIQUILISCO, El Salvador, Jul 5 2014 (IPS) - Under a
searing sun, surrounded by a sea of young maize plants,
Gladys Cortez expresses her fears that her employment
in the cooperative that produces seed for the Salvadoran
government may be at risk, if United States companies
achieve participation in seed procurement.
"This is our source of income to support our children,"
Cortez told IPS as she continued her regular farming
tasks at the La Maroma cooperative, one of the seed
producing establishments located in La Noria, in the
municipality of Jiquilisco, in the eastern department
The U.S. government, through its ambassador in El Salvador,
Mari Carmen Aponte, has set conditions on the delivery
of a development aid package worth 277 million dollars
from the Millennium Challenge Corporation, a U.S. foreign
aid agency. It wants the country to open its seed procurement
process to U.S. companies.
Aponte told local
media that excluding U.S. companies violates the Free
Trade Agreement between the United States and Central
America- Dominican Republic (DR-CAFTA), which was signed
by El Salvador in 2004.
2011, the Salvadoran government has bought 88,000 quintals
of maize seed annually from 18 producers, for distribution
to 400,000 small farmers as part of its Family Agriculture
Plan. Each farmer receives 10 kilos of improved seed
and 45 kilos of fertilisers a year.
the 18 producers are the La Maroma cooperative and four
others in the Bajo Lempa region, in the south of the
department of Usulután.
lands were divided up and distributed to ex-combatants
of the former guerrilla organisation, now a political
party, the Farabundo Martí National Liberation
Front (FMLN) after the 1992 peace accords that put an
end to 12 years of civil war that cost 75,000 lives.
first FMLN government, in power since 2009, opened certified
seed procurement to local producers. Continue
Members Call Out Trump for Violating War Powers as He
Considers Pushing Yemen Into Famine
Monday, April 03, 2017 By Robert Naiman, Truthout | Op-Ed
A woman and children at the Majara camp for displaced
Yemenis, north of Abs, in Hajjah Province, Yemen, October
25, 2016. Yemen is mired in conflict, with rebels holding
the capital and Saudi Arabia bombing them, with American
help. Fighting has displaced more than 2.5 million people,
and hunger, malnutrition and diseases like cholera have
spread. (Photo: Tyler Hicks / The New York Times)
The White House is scheduled to consider this week a proposal
from Defense Secretary Jim Mattis to directly engage the
US military in Saudi Arabia's war against the Houthis
in Yemen, including a planned United Arab Emirates attack
on the port of Hodeida.
On Friday, March 31, the UN special envoy for Yemen warned
against a military attack on Hodeida: "We as the
United Nations are advocating that no military operations
should be undertaken in Hodeidah."
He warned that military action on the port could "tip
the country into famine," according to Bloomberg
Former US officials have also warned that this attack
could push Yemen into famine:
There was an internal debate over the final year of the
Obama administration about whether the United States should
support potential future efforts by the coalition to take
the Hodeidah port, but ultimately the administration decided
against it, said Jeremy Konyndyk, a former top USAID official.
"From USAID's perspective, we thought the US should
strongly oppose this," Konyndyk, the former director
of USAID's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance, told
Al-Monitor. ... He said, "From our point of view,
it would be disastrous in terms of humanitarian impact
if the coalition were to disrupt the aid pipeline and
commercial pipeline that moves through that port. ...
The view that we had at AID -- among AID leadership --
was that if that port were to be lost, it would likely
be enough to tip the country into famine," Konyndyk
As Senate Foreign Relations Chair Bob Corker recently
affirmed, US participation in this war has never been
authorized by Congress: "Certainly engaging in a
war against a group outside of ISIS [the Islamic State]
is a step beyond the current authorization," Corker
told Al-Monitor. Continue
to grow your own chia micro greens? Sprout People have
some great instructions. Enjoy! Growing
Rinse / Drain no
Plant Day 1
Harvest 5-14 days
A profoundly slippery (mucilaginous) seed when wet.
Most famous thanks to Chia Pets . Chia is the pets "fur".
Chia is very nutritious and is easy to grow as a Micro-Green.
Our Chia comes from a source which is certified organic.
Note: We sell Chia by the 1/2 pound. Growing Instructions
Yields approximately three times as many Micro-Greens
(by weight) as seed "planted"
We put quotes around Planted because the seeds are spread
atop a medium - not planted under.
Planting PLEASE read the contents of Notes Tab
for variations and a whole lot more information on site.
Grow these on the ultimate medium -
Coconut Coir, soil, or a soilless medium like Baby Blanket,
in a Compostable Tray - or for bigger crops you can
use a 10x20 Tray, or another of our Growing Trays.
Or - grow them upon a flat Hemp Bag, or in our gorgeous
I know - too many choices. That's our biggest problem
here at Sproutpeople. Choices!
So I'm going to tell you the way I (who has every possible
option available) grow Micros.
I always use Coconut Coir!
I mix Earthworm Castings into my Coconut Coir for added
nitrogen (which is very good for green plant growth),
at a rate of 25% Castings to 75% Coconut Coir.
I grow in our Compostable Tray if I am going for Cotyledons
(the first leaves), or
a 5x5 Nursery Tray if I want True Leaves.
The Nursery Tray is deeper - which gives the roots more
room to grow - so the plants can grow bigger more easily.
Thoroughly moisten the Medium upon which you are going
Measure your seed
For a thick crop of Cotyledon (first leaf) Micro-Greens
plant the larger amount. For bigger, True Leaf Micros
plant the smaller amount.
Compostable Tray = 1 tsp. - 2 tsp.
5x5 Nursery Tray = 1 tsp. - 2 tsp.
10x10 Tray = 1 - 2 Tbs.
10x20 Tray = 2 - 4 Tbs.
Hemp Bag = 2 - 4 tsp.
Euro-Sprouter = 1 - 2 tsp.
If you are going for True Leaves you really must use
a Growing Tray that is at least 2 inches deep - like
our 5x5, 10x10, or 10x20 inch Nursery Trays.
Spread seeds as evenly as you can - all over your thoroughly
Cover your crop: If you're planting in a 5x5 Tray use
another identical tray - up side down. Same thing with
other Trays. If using a Compostable Tray snap the clear
lid on for the first 2-3 days. If using a Hemp Bag,
or another medium - be creative. If it's on a plate
then use an identical plate (upside down) as a cover.
For the Euro-Sprouter - use the cover that comes with
it. It is not mandatory when growing Micro-Greens to
cover them at all. Experiment for yourself and see what
works best in your climate/location. I cover.
Place your Micro-Garden in a low-light, room temperature
location (70° is optimal).
Growing and Greening
You are working with mucilaginous seeds. Every seed
will take up water from the thoroughly moistened medium
and will surround itself with a gel sack. That sack
has all the water the seed needs to germinate. You won't
need to water again until germination begins.
Once germination takes place - keep the medium moist
by watering gently or misting with a Spray Bottle every
day or three. The deal with watering is that the deeper
your medium, the less you need to water, and the plants
won't require a lot of water until they get growing
big - at which point you may need to drench the medium
When using our Compostable Tray (which has no drainage)
you can pour off excess water by tipping it.
Note: These amazing little plants have a unique root
structure. They may show microscopic roots starting
on day 2 or 3 or 4. They are called root hairs and are
most visible just before watering - when the plants
are at their driest. These root hairs impress many people
as mold - but they are not. When you water your crop
the root hairs collapse back against the tap root. Viola!
No root hairs! Now you know. Isn't learning fun?!
When your plants grow up and begin to shed their hulls
they are ready for light so move them (if necessary)
to a well lighted location. If you go with sunlight
- water more frequently. Room light will usually do
quite nicely - and will not dry out your medium as quickly.
One consideration here - if you are going for True Leaves
you should definitely use sunlight in a warm place.
The most beautiful Micro-Greens we have ever seen were
grown in a greenhouse in Burlington, Vermont (in summer)
by our friends Spencer and Mara at Half-Pint Farm. Just
had to mention that. They taught me and Lori a lot!
Keep the medium moist by watering regularly. Water from
the side if possible to prevent injuring the tiny plants.
When your plants have open leaves which are green, they
are done - unless you're going for True Leaves, in which
case you need to keep watering and tending for another
week or more. Harvest
Cut the plants just above the medium upon which they
have grown. During the final 8-12 hours minimize the
surface moisture of your plants - they will store best
in your refrigerator if they are dry to the touch. So
if you water try to keep the water off the plants -
just water the medium.
When you are ready to store them (I'll remind you that
these degrade fairly quickly, so eat them instead of
storing them if you can), if they are still damp - lay
them between some paper towels or anything you prefer,
and dry them very gently. Transfer your crop to a plastic
bag or the sealed container of your choice - glass is
good. We sell an amazing Produce Storage Bag that actually
extends the shelf life of produce, if you're interested
in the best of the best =;-) Whatever you store them
in; put them in your refrigerator - if you must.
Great Job Sprout farmer!
time is 4 to 7 days, depending on the heat in your room
When sprouts are ¼ inch long, leave in direct
sunlight to green them up
No need to soak the seed first
You will need:
The seed (of course) 1 Tablespoon of seeds = 2 cups
A recycled clamshell container or glass baking dish
with a lid (to create a greenhouse)
Shallow terra cotta dish to fit inside your chosen greenhouse
Spray bottle with filtered water Method:
Sprinkle chia seed into a terra cotta dish
Place the terra cotta dish into your greenhouse
Add ¼ inch of filtered water to the bottom so
the terra cotta will become wet.
Lightly spritz the seed
There should be no standing water IN the terra cotta
dish or your seeds will turn to gel
Cover the clamshell to trap in moisture
Place it on a dark part of the kitchen counter
I did not have to add any more water or spritz the seeds
There is another method to sprout using a glass baking
dish without the terra cotta plate. I tried this method
too, and while it did work, it does require more attention.
You must spritz the seeds several times a day to make
sure they are moist. Heres a link to the video
I watched, in case youre interested. Eat your
Healthy Chia Sprouts
In their article, Why Everyone Should Try Sprouting
Chia Seeds, Mind Body Green reminds us once sprouted,
you also get the added benefit of chlorophyll (the source
of the green of the leaf). Chlorophyll is
a powerful blood cleanser and blood builder. It replenishes
and increases our red blood cell count and increases
the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen and deliver
us increased levels of oxygen. Chia sprouts have
a tangy taste and add variety and spice to salads, soups,
spreads, dips, sandwiches and appetizers. They are best
used raw or added to soups just before serving.
USDA researchers recently published a study on microgreens
and reported that they possess significantly higher
nutrient densities than mature leaves. In fact, microgreens
can have 4-6 times the nutrients than the mature leaves
of the same plant!
Chia seeds actually got their name from the Mayan word
for strength, and for good reason! Chia
seeds are extremely healthy, which is why they're known
as a superfood! Here are just some of the benefits of
They have maximum nutrients with minimal calories.
They contain high levels of ALA omega-3 fatty acids
(higher than flaxseeds and even salmon).
They're a good source of fiber and antioxidants (which
neutralize free radicals).
They're high in calcium
They're high in manganese (good for bones and helps
our body use other essential nutrients).
Have plenty of phosphorus to maintain healthy bones
They are a great protein source.
Once sprouted, you also get the added benefit of chlorophyll
(the source of the green of the leaf). Chlorophyll
is a powerful blood cleanser and blood builder. It replenishes
and increases our red blood cell count and increases
the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen and deliver
us increased levels of oxygen. Sprout
Sin Fronteras Farm & Food/Facebook)
McColl has written for Yahoo Food, Bon Appétit,
She's based in Brooklyn, New York.
Rivera has not mastered the millennial art of shameless
self-promotion. Instead, he has the sort of charming,
salt-of-the-earth temperament one would expect from
a man whose work is dictated by the soil and the seasons.
I feel like Im publishing a selfie, which
Im not a fan of, Rivera wrote on Facebook
when he linked to a news story written about his farm,
Sin Fronteras. But, oh well.
Stillwater, Minnesota, Rivera farms three-and-a-half
leased acres seeded with jalapeño and serrano
peppers, tomatillos, kale, lettuces, and moreenough
veggies to fulfill a CSA, farmers markets, and 12
wholesale clients. The wholesale customers help Rivera
meet another goal: providing organic produce to the
I felt like I needed to be the example to show
that it is possible to own your farm here in the states
and have a sustainable and productive business,
It might seem impossible to some. A U.S. Department
of Agriculture 2012 census reported that half of all
agricultural workers in the U.S. were Latino, but
only 3 percent of farms were operated or owned by
Latinos. In Minnesota, only 339 farmers out of the
74,542 in the state identified as Spanish, Hispanic,
or Latino, the Pioneer Press reported.
Riveras wholesale clients include three natural
food co-ops in the Twin Cities, which serve some food-desert
neighborhoods, but the prices are high. Its
through his CSA that he is able to have a direct impact,
working with customers to negotiate terms of payment.
Accessibility isnt a matter of slashing prices
or setting up a sliding scale so much as being a flexible,
open communicator who is willing to meet people where
they areand who wants the value of the service
he provides recognize
Im very thoughtful of it, Rivera said.
I know that what I do should be valued as work
too, you know. It shouldnt be cheap. Thats
not the point of it. Im here as an option when
people are ready to make that life decision of maybe
having a better diet.Continue Reading
Dried Lemon Grass from a Brown County Garden
Grass is a tropical herb used in Asian cooking that
is also known for its medicinal properties. While it
has no association with lemons, it does have a citrus
smell and taste. Its long, thin blades of grass are
aromatic and contain a multitude of health-supporting
Lemon grass is packed with essential vitamins and minerals
like A, C, calcium, magnesium, folate, iron, zinc, potassium,
copper, phosphorus, manganese, and traces of B vitamins.
Citronella oil and candles is made from lemon grass;
however, it can also be steeped and brewed into a very
The following are nine of the top benefits of drinking
lemon grass tea:
Drinking lemon grass tea can help to flush out toxins
and waste products from the body. This in turn supports
kidney, bladder and liver health.
2. Lowers cholesterol
Lemon grass also contains compounds that support healthy
cholesterol levels, reducing LDL and raising the HDL
3. Anti-microbial and anti-fungal
Drinking lemon grass tea regularly can assist with fighting
pathogens that could otherwise lead to infections, gastrointestinal
issues, and other microbial health problems. Some of
the infections that can be fought by drinking lemon
grass tea include candida, ringworm, scabies, urinary
tract infections, and infections from cuts or sores.
4. Reduces fever
Lemon grass has been called fever grass
due to its ability to soothe and lower fevers.
5. Cuts down cold and flu symptoms
Lemon grass tea also eases respiratory disorders like
colds, coughs, flu, sinus issues and bronchial asthma.
Inflammation is one of the main factors in numerous
diseases, and it can also exacerbate aches, pains and
headaches. Drinking lemon grass tea eases chronic inflammation
and the pain that can often accompany it.
7. Soothes insomnia and nervous system disorders
A cup of lemon grass tea can calm the nerves and muscles
to aid in more peaceful sleep. It also promotes a healthier
nervous system and can assist in the fight against anxiety,
Parkinsons disease, Alzheimers disease and
8. Regulates blood sugar and type 2 diabetes
Lemon grass tea contains the compound citral, which
has been shown to help maintain optimal insulin levels
and support better glucose tolerance in the body. This
can in turn fight blood sugar imbalances and type 2
9. Helps to defeat cancer
Studies have shown that lemon grass can help fight cancer
while leaving healthy cells intact. This is due to the
compound citral and its effectiveness as an anti-inflammatory.
It effectively blocks cancer cell growth while inducing
apoptosis, or cell death, in cancer cells.
Lemon grass tea is packed with healing properties and
can support health in many areas. It seems to work at
a cellular level, protecting you from free radical damage,
rapidly expelling toxins, and stimulating the production
and regeneration of cells.
From healing infections, inflammation and cancer to
supporting overall immune system health, drinking this
potent tea can help keep you healthy.
References: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22430697 http://ivyunion.org/index.php/ajt/article/view/644 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24702929 https://www.mskcc.org/cancer-care/integrative-medicine/herbs/lemongrass http://juicing-for-health.com/health-benefits-of-lemongrass.html http://www.naturalhealth365.com/lemon-grass-tea-2061.html
School Triples Recess Time, Solving Attention Deficit
Vic Bishop, Staff Writer
education is more stressful than ever for our children,
as standardized testing requirements increase and programs
like art, music and physical education are being phased
out. The result of this type of environment is predictable,
and the medical establishment and big pharma are making
a killing by drugging active children with ADHD medications
and other psychotropic drugs in order to ensure conformity.
are better solutions. Meditation in schools is highly
effective at reducing school violence and increasing
concentration for learning. Higher quality nutritious
and organic foods, rather than processed snack foods
and fast foods, when served in school cafeterias are
another part of creating an environment more conducive
to the needs of children.
most common sense, natural solution to inattentive behavior
in school children, however, may be the basic idea of
giving children more time to free play and to engage
their bodies in physical activity. Its such a
simple notion in such unusual times that it actually
sounds revolutionary, and several schools in Texas are
being hailed for trying a new program which solves behavioral
problems by doing nothing more than allowing children
to play outside more often during the school day.
ideas like this have been proven to work well in places
like Finland, where students test scores improved
along with increased play time, a case which serves
as the inspiration for a program in Texas schools which
have quadrupled the amount of outdoor recreational time,
seeing amazing results in terms of overall increase
in focus and decreases in distraction and behavioral
to Today, the Eagle Mountain Elementary in Fort Worth,
Texas, has been giving kindergarten and first-grade
students two 15-minute recess breaks every morning and
two 15-minute breaks every afternoon to go play outside.
At first teachers were worried about losing the classroom
time and being able to cover all the material they needed
with what was left, but now that the experiment has
been going on for about five months, teachers say the
kids are actually learning more because theyre
better able to focus in class and pay attention without
key to the success of the program is unstructured
play four times a day to break up the physical
and mental monotony of the classroom, allowing developing
minds and bodies to constructively use their energies,
so that their may be more effectively applied in learning.
administrators in schools trying the program initially
thought it would negatively affect testing results,
the results have proven that the opposite is in fact
true, which is in line with how the American Academy
of Pediatrics sees playtime.
American Academy of Pediatrics agrees, calling recess
a crucial and necessary component of a childs
development. Studies show it offers important
cognitive, social, emotional, and physical benefits,
yet many schools are cutting down on breaks to squeeze
in more lessons, which may be counterproductive, it
restless children for them to better fit in to a dumbed
down education system is a grave mistake, criminal even.
Programs like these desperately need to be implemented
start putting 15 minutes of what I call reboot
into these kids every so often and it gives the
platform for them to be able to function at their best
level. ~ Dr. Debbie Rhea, creator and director
of the Liink Program
About the Author
Vic Bishop is a staff
writer for WakingTimes.com and OffgridOutpost.com Survival
Tips blog. He is an observer of people, animals, nature,
and he loves to ponder the connection and relationship
between them all. A believer in always striving to becoming
self-sufficient and free from the matrix, please track
him down on Facebook.
Traders Boycott Coca-Cola for 'Straining Water Resources'
in drought-hit Tamil Nadu say it is unsustainable to
use 400 litres of water to make a bottle of fizzy drink
A drinks delivery
driver in the suburbs of New Delhi. Water usage by Coca-Cola
PepsiCo in India was highlighted after low rainfall
in the last monsoon. Photograph:
Tengku Bahar/AFP/Getty Images
Doshi in Mumbai
1 March 2017 09.57 EST
Last modified on Wednesday 1 March 2017 10.03 EST
than a million traders in India are boycotting fizzy
drinks including Coca-Cola and Pepsi after claims from
from two Indian trade associations that foreign firms
are exploiting the countrys water resources.
in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu, which has a
population bigger than the UK, will replace big brands
with locally produced soft drinks.
foreign companies are using up scarce water resources
of the state, said K Mohan, secretary of the Vanigar
Sangam, one of the associations supporting the boycott.
about excessive water usage by companies such as Coca-Cola
and PepsiCo were heightened after low rainfall during
the last monsoon.
January, Tamil Nadus interim chief minister O
Panneerselvam declared the state drought-hit
and asked the central government for funds to help farmers.
Raja, president of the Vanigar Sangam trade association,
said: [Foreign companies] are exploiting the states
water bodies to manufacture aerated drinks while farmers
were facing severe drought.
Srivastava, who works at NGO India Resource Centre,
estimates that it takes 1.9 litres of water to make
one bottle of Coca-Cola. He says demand for sugar from
fizzy drinks companies is also hugely problematic in
India. Sugarcane is a water-guzzling crop. It
is the wrong crop for India, he said.
to our research Coca-Cola is the number one buyer of
sugarcane in India and Pepsi is number three. If you
take into account the water used for sugarcane, then
were using 400 litres of water to make a bottle
to the BBCs Tamil service, the Indian Beverage
Association (IBA), which represents many soft drinks
manufacturers, said it was disappointed with the boycott.
and PepsiCo India together provide direct employment
to 2,000 families in Tamil Nadu and more than 5,000
families indirectly IBA hopes that good sense
will prevail and that consumers will continue to have
the right to exercise their choice in Tamil Nadu,
City of burning lakes: experts fear Bangalore will be
uninhabitable by 2025
and Coca-Cola have not directly commented on the ban.
anti-fizzy drinks movement in Tamil Nadu gathered momentum
in January, during protests against the supreme courts
decision to ban jallikattu, an Indian version of bullfighting.
protests offered many citizens to air their grievances
publicly, and galvanised the fizzy drinks boycotts after
farmers complained big companies were using up precious
resources in the water-stressed state.
says demand for fizzy drinks has dropped significantly
since January, and many traders who are not part of
the trade association have voluntarily stopped stocking
boycotts may only be the beginning of Coca-Cola and
PepsiCos woes as they try to expand in India.
The Indian government has dropped hints that it may
introduce a sin tax on sugary drinks, which
could further hit growth figures.
is extremely unfair on the part of certain individuals
and organisations to propagate misinformation,
said Arvind Varma, secretary general of the IBA. These
actions are detrimental to the image of the country
and to the long-term interests of the Indian economy,
he said. -
people plant trees at the organic fruit orchard in
Milwaukee County Board Submitted Photo
Milwaukee County To Be Home To Largest Urban Organic
Fruit Orchard In US
Thousands Of Fruit Trees, Asparagus Plants Planted
As Part Of County's SEED Initiative
Monday, October 24, 2016, 10:30am
By Ross Terrell
Milwaukee County will soon be home to the largest
urban organic fruit orchard in the United States.
first of 3,000 fruit trees, 16,250 strawberry plants
and 4,000 asparagus plants, were planted over the
weekend at the orchard in Oak Creek as part of the
county's Sowing, Empowering, and Eliminating Food
Deserts Initiative, also known as the SEED Initiative.
Milwaukee County Supervisor Marina Dimitrijevic started
the program in 2015 and said the orchard could serve
as a learning opportunity about the need for access
to healthy food options.
"Food deserts are extremely harmful to our overall
public health," Dimitrijevic said. "The
more we can eliminate them and supply people with
the tools to improve their health, I think, overall,
we'll have a healthier community." Continue
Within A Hen
Photo by G. J. Breeden
one of her hens was accidentally killed, a friend
dressed the chicken and was surprised to find these
developing eggs within!
U.S. Adds Seven
Types of Bees to Endangered Species List for First Time
Environment & Climate
masked bee 420x280
Seven types of bees
once found in abundance in Hawaii but now facing extinction
on Friday became the first bees to be added to the federal
list of endangered and threatened species, according
to U.S. wildlife managers.
The listing decision, published on Friday in the Federal
Register, classifies seven varieties of yellow-faced
or masked bees as endangered, due to such factors as
habitat loss, wildfires and the invasion of nonnative
plants and insects.
The bees, so named for yellow-to-white facial markings,
once crowded Hawaii and Maui but recent surveys found
their populations have plunged in the same fashion as
other types of wild bees and some commercial
ones elsewhere in the United States, federal
wildlife managers said.
Pollinators like bees are crucial for the production
of fruits, nuts and vegetables and they represent billions
of dollars in value each year to the nation's agricultural
economy, U.S. officials said. Read
Organic Honey Exports Create Buzz
as Bees Die off Elsewhere
February 14, 2016
by Chris Arsenault
All About Organics
SAN ANTONIO DE
LOS BANOS, Cuba, Feb 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation)
- Long known for its cigars and rum, Cuba has added
organic honey to its list of key agricultural exports,
creating a buzz among farmers as pesticide use has been
linked to declining bee populations elsewhere.
Organic honey has become Cuba's fourth most valuable
agricultural export behind fish products, tobacco and
drinks, but ahead of the Caribbean island's more famous
sugar and coffee, said Theodor Friedrich, the U.N. Food
and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) representative
"All of (Cuba's) honey can be certified as organic,"
Friedrich told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. "Its
honey has a very specific, typical taste; in monetary
value, it's a high ranking product."
After the collapse in 1991 of the Soviet Union, Cuba's
main trading partner, the island was unable to afford
pesticides due to a lack of foreign currency, coupled
with the U.S. trade embargo. By necessity, the government
embraced organic agriculture, and the policies have
Now that the United States is easing its embargo following
the restoration of diplomatic ties last year, Cuba's
organic honey exporters could see significant growth
if the government supports the industry, bee keepers
Cuba produced more than 7,200 tonnes of organic honey
in 2014, worth about $23.3 million, according to government
statistics cited by the FAO.
The country's industry is still tiny compared with honey
heavyweights such as China, Turkey and Argentina. But
with a commodity worth more per liter than oil, Cuban
honey producers believe they could be on the cusp of
a lucrative era.
BIG DREAMS, LITTLE CASH
With 80 boxes swarming with bees, each producing 45
kg (100 lb) of honey per year, farm manager Javier Alfonso
believes Cuba's exports could grow markedly in the coming
His apiary, down a dirt track in San Antonio de los
Banos, a farming town an hour's drive from the capital
Havana, was built from scratch by employees, Alfonso
"There is just a bit of production now, but it
can get bigger," he said, looking at the rows of
colorful wooden boxes.
Like other Cuban bee farmers, he sells honey exclusively
to the government, which pays him according to the world
market price and then takes responsibility for marketing
the product overseas.
Most of Cuba's honey exports go to Europe, he said.
He would like to be able to borrow money to expand production,
but getting credit is difficult, he said, so for now
his team of farmers build their own infrastructure for
"It's a very natural environment here," said
Raul Vasquez, a farm employee. "The government
is not allowed to sell us chemicals - this could be
the reason why the bees aren't dying here" as they
have been in other places.
While Cuba's small, organic honey industry aims to reap
the rewards of increased trade with the United States,
honey producers in other regions are under threat, industry
Bee keepers in the United States, Canada and other regions
have long complained that pesticides are responsible
for killing their bees and hurting the honey industry
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released a
study in January indicating that a widely-used insecticide
used on cotton plants and citrus groves can harm bee
"I don't think there are any doubts that populations
of honey bees (in the United States and Europe) have
declined... since the Second World War," Norman
Carreck, science director of the U.K.-based International
Bee Research Association told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Pollinator Strips Adjacent to Cropland Reduce Honey
Bee Nutritional Status Worldwide pollinator declines
are attributed to a number of factors, including pesticide
exposures. Neonicotinoid insecticides specifically have
been detected in surface waters, non-target vegetation,
and bee products, but the risks posed by environmental
exposures are still not well understood. Pollinator
strips were tested for clothianidin contamination in
plant tissues, and the risks to honey bees assessed.
to Bimbo: Cut the Pesticides!
September 27, 2016
Organic Consumers Association
by Alexis Baden-Mayer
Bimbo pesticides 420x280
On Sunday, September
25, OCA activists joined Greenpeace teams in the U.S.
and Mexico to participate in Bimbos Global Energy
Race. We dressed as bees and crossed the finish lines
in Long Beach, Calif., Mexico City and Philadelphia
with banners that read: Bimbo, Cut the Pesticides!
If we had been protesting a Monsanto or Bayer event,
people immediately would have understood the bee costumes.
Most people who have paid attention to the news about
disappearing bees know that pesticides manufactured
by these agro-chemical companies are contributing to
But we were targeting Bimbo, the worlds largest
baking company. So spectators and fellow runners wondered
what was up with the bee outfits. (Our Mexico City team
got a lot more than questions. They were tackled to
the ground as they crossed the finish line with their
banners. You can watch it here.)
We explained that, agro-chemical companies like Monsanto
& Bayer arent going to stop making bee-killing
pesticides unless food companies like Bimbo stop driving
their use. If a company like Bimbo were to clean up
its supply chain and stop using ingredients from crops
raised with bee-killing pesticides, it would go a long
way to addressing colony collapse disorder (not to mention
environmental pollution and human health problems).
We think Bimbo is the type of company that might (should)
take the lead on something like this. The company is
already a leader on the climate change issue. Grupo
Taken action to minimize the risk of deforestation
through its supply change as a signer of the UN Declaration
of Forests and through a global policy of buying sustainable
Improved energy efficiency in its plants
operations and in its distribution.
Significantly increased the use of renewable
energies by using solar and wind power. Its wind-farm
is the largest of any food company.
Now, we want Bimbo to look at another piece of its supply
chain that impacts the climate: the way its ingredients
are grown. Bimbo should:
Eliminate the use of the pesticides that are
banned in other countries but still used in the U.S.
(there are 5) and Mexico (30).
Reduce overall pesticide and chemical fertilizer
Voluntarily label the foods they sell that contain
genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as produced
with genetic engineering. Bimbo so far has opposed
this, spending more than $1 million to block GMO labels
in the U.S.
Promote ecological farming pilot projects in
its supply chains.
Work with other companies and governments for
a more ecological food system. A good first step would
be signing onto the Soils for Food Security and Climate
Mexico-based Grupo Bimbo is the worlds largest
baking company, with operations in 21 countries. Bimbo
operates 60 bakeries in the U.S., making it the largest
baking company in the U.S., where it markets 29 brands,
including Arnolds, Sara Lee, Thomas English Muffins,
Orowheat, Stroemans. In July (2016), Bimbo bought its
first organic brand, Eureka.
Bimbo is huge in Latin America, too, where its
the Mexican version of Wonder Bread. (In fact, Bimbo
bakes Wonder Bread in Mexico, while Flowers Foods is
the U.S. manufacturer.)
As we all know, bigger doesnt always mean better.
But the biggest baking company in the world could cause
a huge ripple effect through global supply chains if
it announced that it would no longer purchase ingredients
grown with pesticides. How about it, Bimbo?
July 19, 2016
Organic Consumers Association
by Ercilia Sahores
Fair Trade & Social Justice,
cencos press conference 420x280.jpg
In the picture: María Colin Greenpeace Mexico,
Rodrigo Llanes, Colegio de Antropólogos de Yucatán,
Valeria Enríquez, OCA Mexico and Edmundo del
The art of beekeeping in Maya communities can be
traced back centuries. Beekeepers pass the skill down
from one generation to the next.
For these indigenous communities in Mexicos Campeche
and Yucatán regions, beekeeping isnt just
a tradition or a hobby. For many, its a livelihood.
And that livelihood is now being threatened by Monsanto.
On July 13, the Organic Consumers Association (OCA)
Mexico, Greenpeace Mexico, the Colegio de Antropólogos
de Yucatán (School of Anthropology of Yucatán)
and Fundar Research Center held a press conference
to expose the ongoing collusion between Monsanto and
Mexican government authorities to deprive indigenous
communities in Mexicos Campeche and Yucatán
regions of their right to participate in the process,
known as consultation, for granting Monsanto permits
to grow GMO soy crops.
During the press conference, the Civil Observation Mission,
a project formed last year to help document specific
violations of the consultation process, presented a
report detailing the violations of the right to free,
prior and informed consultation in two of the municipalities
selected, Holpechén and Tenabo. <br>
At stake in this fight is the livelihood, the health,
the legacy and the dignity of these Maya communities
and their biodiversity. OCA Mexico, through our participation
in the Civil Observation Mission, is working with these
communities to create avenues where they can voice their
concerns, express their decisions, and expose the damage
that is being done to their local environments, their
health and their livelihoods. communities. What is at
stake, ultimately, is our dignity as human beings, and
the imperative of ensuring that human rights prevail
over corporate rights.
As we reported last April, over the past decade, the
Mexican government has granted Monsanto permits to develop
over 253,000 hectares for the experimental planting
of GM soy in nearly seven states. The government did
this without formally consulting the surrounding indigenous
communities, whose livelihoods depend on a rich tradition
of organic honey production.
When Maya authorities and beekeepers from Campeche
and the Yucatán saw the impact soy was having
on their highly prized organic honey production, they
joined scientists and activists in a lawsuit against
Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
and Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development,
Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA), the government agencies
responsible for granting the GM soy permits. The lawsuit
accused the government of failing to follow the proper
process for permitting, for destroying the livelihoods
of Maya beekeepers and for violating the rights
of indigenous communities through the excessive use
of herbicides and related deforestation.
The courts ruled in favor of the Maya authorities
in March 2014. The ruling was finalized in November
2015, when the federal government temporarily banned
GM soy in Mexico and mandated that indigenous communities
be consulted before any GMO soy permits could be granted.
But Monsanto, which has a long history of violating
Mexicos laws, continues to flaunt the court ruling.
And government officials have allowed it. This has resulted
in the granting of permits to plant experimental GMO
soy crops in Holpechén and Tenabo, despite the
fact that the court-ordered rules for consulting with
these communities were ignored.
Shedding light on the violations
As noted above, during the July 13 press conference,
the Civil Observation Mission presented a report detailing
the violations of the right to free, prior and informed
consultation in Holpechén and Tenabo.
According to the International Labor Organization (ILO)
Convention No. 169, article 7(1):
The peoples concerned shall have the right to decide
their own priorities for the process of development
as it affects their lives, beliefs, institutions and
spiritual well-being and the lands they occupy or otherwise
use, and to exercise control, to the extent possible,
over their own economic, social and cultural development.
But in the case of this consultation in Mexico, this
rule of law is not being followed.
During the press conference, Valeria Enríquez,
advocacy director for OCA Mexico, highlighted the importance
of raising awareness about the irregularities in the
consultation process and the importance of identifying
and making public those failures.
María Colin, legal analyst at Greenpeace Mexico
said that the planting of GM soy violates the
right to work and the right to a healthy environment
of the Maya communities.
The Civil Observation Mission used the press conference
to publicize the following flaws in the current consultation
When representatives of the National Commission
for the Development of the Indigenous People (CDI),
the Intersecretariat Commission on Biosafety of Genetically
Modified Organisms (CIBIOGEM) and the National Service
of Health Innocuity and Agro-alimentary Quality (SENASICA)
first presented the consultation process to the participating
communities, they spent more time providing information
about the characteristics of GM soy rather than explaining
the consultation process.
There was a notable lack of community representatives
during the meetings. Community members informed the
Civil Observation Mission that they had been invited
to attend the meeting the night before it took place.
Even with the presence of translators and interpreters,
the materials provided at the meetings failed to ensure
that the communities fully comprehended the purpose,
scope and rules of the consultation process. A significant
portion of the communities populations cannot
read in Spanish or in Mayan. Ignoring this fact, the
materials provided by the authorities were not designed
to be didactic and to facilitate comprehension by the
affected communities, thus reinforcing decades of stigmatization
of Maya communities.
One of the crucial violations highlighted during
the conference and one of the key issues to observe
in the following meetings is that members of non-participating
communities infiltrated the meeting in order to persuade
the Holpechén and Tenabo communities about the
benefits of GM soy.
Beekeeping in Maya communities is an activity that
has been passed on through generations and can be traced
back centuries. But beekeepers are now being threatened
by the environmental damage caused by GM crops in their
communities, damage that includes deforestation, use
of herbicides, contamination of their honey, death of
pollinators, and the impact on human health.
To draw more international attention to this very important
case, representatives of the Maya beekeeping communities
affected by the Monsanto planting of GM soy and corn
will present their testimonies during the Monsanto Tribunal
in October in The Hague.
In the meantime, these communities will not remain silent
about the potential threat posed by Monsantos
GMO soy crops, or the failure of Monsanto and government
officials to follow the legal process for granting permits
for these crops.Learn
Oliva and the Food Chain Workers Alliance Are Shaping
a More Equitable Food Future
The Food Chain Workers Alliance is a coalition of worker-based
organizations whose members plant, harvest, process,
pack, transport, prepare, serve, and sell food, organizing
to improve wages and working conditions for all workers
along the food chain. We chatted with Co-Director Jose
Oliva about how he became involved in labor issues within
the food industry, some of the biggest challenges the
Alliance faces and how the Alliance's work inspires
a more sustainable food system at large.
Let's start from the very beginning. Tell us about your
background: How did you come into this work? What inspires
you the most?
I came to this work because of the intersection between
immigration, workers' rights and food. My story
is not unique; it's really the story of millions of
economic or "food" refugees from Latin America.
My grandfather was a young economist in Guatemala in
the 1940s and he was caught up in the post WW II idealism.
He joined students, workers, women's organizations and
civil society to establish the first democracy in Guatemala
in 1944. Read
Organic Food about to Become the Norm in France?
by Emily Monaco
All About Organics
food sales have been rising astronomically in the EUs
largest agricultural producing country, with a 20 percent
increase in 2016, the fastest pace in seven years.
This is a huge departure from Frances past with
the organic food movement; the nation had been relatively
slow to take to the trend in the past decade, particularly
when compared to neighbors like Germany or to the U.S.
As the top pesticide user in Europe, with 78,000 tons
of phytosanitary products in its fields, Frances
reluctance to jump on the organic food bandwagon was
a real shame.
That said, France had more than enough reasons to temper
its enthusiasm for organic. Unlike the U.S., France
has forbidden the growth of GMO foods since 2008, making
many French people less worried about whats in
their food than Americans tend to be.
Add to this the fact that the French have many other
historic quality labels, such as Label Rouge, which
ensures that animals are raised according to strict
dietary and humane standards including access to the
outdoors. Label Rouge beef is grass-fed, and Label Rouge
veal and lamb are allowed to consume milk for as long
as possible before being weaned. This label also forbids
the use of antibiotics and growth hormones, and medical
treatments of animals bearing the label are kept to
a strict minimum.
Another such quality label in France is the AOC label,
or Appellation dorigine controlée. This
label is used for certain meats, cheeses, wines, and
some fruits and vegetables like lentils, grapes, and
walnuts. Each food has strict standards to follow to
ensure that quality is coherent, particularly as far
as the production location is concerned: AOC Brie must
be made in Brie, for example, and AOC Bordeaux in the
region around Bordeaux. Read
the Full Article
Bans Fracking in Huge Win for People Power
Governor Larry Hogan signs bipartisan bill, making
Maryland the third state in the country to ban fracking.
- Its official: today, Maryland Governor Larry
Hogan signed into law a statewide ban on fracking.
The bill was passed with bipartisan support in the
state legislature, and Maryland is now the third state
to ban fracking. This historic achievement is a true
testament to the power of grassroots organizing, and
believing that even when the odds are stacked against
us, we can do extraordinary things. This victory belongs
to the thousands of Marylanders who have worked for
years to keep fracking out of the state. Thank you!
Wonder of Worms: Clean compost and animal feed from waste
November 9, 2016
In North America, a whopping 30 to 40 per cent of our
residential waste is organic -- biodegradable garbage
that could be composted but is often sent to landfills.
A new study shows that one method of composting could
yield high quality compost and high value by-products.
The catch? There are worms involved.
In North America, a whopping 30 to 40 per cent of our
residential waste is organic -- biodegradable garbage
that could be composted but is often sent to landfills.
With governments like Quebec's looking to ban organic
waste from landfills by 2020, we need to act fast to reduce
the amount of food scraps we're throwing out.
A study recently published in Waste Management by researchers
from Concordia's Faculty of Arts and Science shows that
one method of composting could yield high quality compost
and high value by-products. The catch? There are worms
The study's lead author, Louise Hénault-Ethier,
carried out her research while pursuing a master's from
what is now Concordia's Individualized program. She experimented
with different methods of vermicomposting to see whether
they could sufficiently inactivate certain bacteria for
safe public use of the compost. Site
Image by Richard Slinkard Quilter's Comfort
Artisan Teas on shelf at Runcible
Spoon, Bloomington, IN
Appeals Court Affirms Tribal Groundwater Rights
March 7, 2017/in Water Law, Water News, Water Policy
& Politics /by Brett Walton
reach the U.S. Supreme Court.
Coachella Valley of Southern California is the site
of a legal contest for groundwater rights.
The Agua Caliente tribe won an important courtroom victory
on March 7.
Photo courtesy of Flickr/Creative Commons
Brett Walton, Circle of Blue
a ruling with substantial importance for water management
in the American West, a U.S. appeals court upheld a
lower courts decision that an Indian tribe in
Californias Coachella Valley has a right to groundwater
beneath its reservation.
three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the
Ninth Circuit determined on March 7 that when the federal
government established a reservation in 1876 for the
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians on arid
land without the endowment of significant rivers or
streams water was part of the deal. The existence
of the reservation confers to the tribe the right to
groundwater, the court concluded.
creation of the Agua Caliente Reservation therefore
carried with it an implied right to use water from the
Coachella Valley aquifer, Judge Richard Tallman
wrote in the 22-page
Dirty Dozen and the Clean 15
nonprofit Environmental working Group's recently released
a newly updated Shopper's Guide to Pesticides
list of the produce world's "Dirty Dozen"
and "The Clean 15"of fruits and vegetables.
You should always try to buy organic and the ones to
choose first when shopping are onions, avocado, sweet
corn pineapple, mango, asparagus, sweet peas, kiwi,
cabbage, eggplant, papaya, watermelon, broccoli, tomato,
sweet potatoes, members of Clean 15. All tested
lowest for pesticide residues.
apples, peppers, celery, nectarines, strawberries, cherries,
kale, lettuce, grapes, carrots, pears showed the higest
levels of pesticide residues.
January 8, 2017
About KD Follow
KD at @yourdailyvegan
The cruciferous vegetable that was once thought of as
somewhat flavorless has been making a comeback. Im
talking about cauliflower and some people are calling
it the new kale. No longer relegated to vegetable trays,
cauliflower has been steadily increasing its appearance in
recipes, and often in unexpected ways. Which is good
news because cauliflower is a nutritious addition to
any diet. Just one serving of cauliflower contains 91.5
percent of the recommended daily value of vitamin C!
Cauliflower is also full of the sulfur-containing phytonutrients,
glucosinolate and thiocyanate, that cleanse the body
of free radicals. Studies have shown that eating three
to five servings of cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower
each week can lower the risk of several types of
Beyond the health benefits, cauliflower can be
wildly deliciousplus, its incredibly versatile.
Lets take a closer look at this nutritional powerhouse.
Buying, Cleaning & Storing Cauliflower
White cauliflower is the most readily available in grocery
stores, but there are many different varieties to choose
from including green, orange and purple. Each variety
has its own flavor. For instance, green cauliflowera
cross between cauliflower and broccolitastes sweeter
than white cauliflower when raw but more like broccoli
when steamed. The purple cauliflower has a more mild
flavor and cooks much faster than white. Continue
- Vegetable is one of several vegetables in the species
Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in
the family Brassicaceae. It is an annual plant that
reproduces by seed. Typically, only the head is eaten.
Here for Wikipedia Nutrition Facts
30 farmer organizations endorsed this coalition's Farmers'
Declaration on Genetic Engineering in Agriculture. The
Declaration summarizes why the farmers' groups oppose
GM crops and the patenting of GM seeds by biotech companies
and calls for more research into the social, environmental
and health risks, and mandatory labeling of GM food
contents of Greenpeace's site offers dozens of pages
of information on the fears and hazards of GM foods,
plus a section on news and taking action against biotech
foods, and a GM-free Shopping List with advice on how
to avoid biotech food.
organization seeks a moratorium on GM foods.
Its site is a good primer on all the anti-GMO issues
and easy to understand for those with non-science backgrounds.
our planet, lifting people out of poverty, advancing
economic growth... these are one and the same fight.
We must connect the dots between climate change, water
scarcity, energy shortages, global health, food security
and women's empowerment. Solutions to one problem must
be solutions for all.
Ban Ki-moon - Read
you rise in the morning, give thanks for the light, for
your life, for your strength. Give thanks for your food
and for the joy of living. If you see no reason to give
thanks, the fault lies in yourself. Tecumseh
more of us valued food and cheer and song above hoarded
gold, it would be a merrier world. J. R. R. Tolkien
easy for people in an air-conditioned room to continue
with the policies of destruction of Mother Earth. We need
instead to put ourselves in the shoes of families in Bolivia
and worldwide that lack water and food and suffer misery
and hunger. Evo Morales
is a weekly program providing independent media coverage of
environmental and ecological issues with a focus on local,
state and regional people, issues, and events in order to
foster open discussion of human relationships with nature
and the Earth and to encourage you to take personal responsibility
for the world in which we live. Each program features timely
MORE or LISTEN
13th International Herb Symposium - June 9th 11,
2017, Wheaton College in Norton, Massachusetts
By Kate Cave, Shianne McKay, Solutions Journal - December
Water is life and needs to be respected. For the Indigenous
people in Canada, there is a reciprocal and unique relationship
Water Day is
held annually on 22 March as a means of focusing attention on
the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable
of freshwater resources. The
2017 theme is "Wastewater" and 2018 is "Nature-based
Solutions for Water" - CLICK FOR MORE
Great British Bake Off is
a great learning experience! Love how the people come to enjoy
one another and though each is doing their own best to satisfy
the requirements. They compete, each knowing that they are competing
with their own best self and having a really lovely celebration
with others who enjoy similar interest!
One Person's Small, Brave Compost
Pile Changed New York City
While we work to change the government, we can't forget
that we can also make big change ourselves by starting small
One thing that has bothered me a lot since the election
is the idea in the air that we cannot change things while
the current administration is in office. There is a pernicious
idea that the government is so strong that nothing can be
fixed or changed without first fixing or changing it.
Of course, we must work to change the government, but we
must also not lose sight of the fact that we can change
things in many ways-at the community, city, and state levels-and
that each of us remains capable of making the world a better
place, even as the presidential administration works against
remind ourselves of this fact, I wanted to retell a story
from my book How To Be Alive: A Guide To The Kind Of Happiness
That Helps The World. It is the story of my friend Kate
Zidar who, in the early 2000s, was one of many New York
City residents who refused to wait for a change of government
in order to get what they wanted for their communities-in
this instance, a composting program to manage food waste.
Instead of waiting for a change in government policy, Kate
started her own community compost pile in a corner of a
city park. Compost piles like hers popped up in other communities
all around the city. READ
GMO Emperor Has No Clothes-A Global Citizens Report on the
State of GMOs
been repeatedly told that genetically engineered (GE) crops
will save the world by increasing yields and producing more
food. They will save the world by controlling pests and weeds.
They will save the world by reducing chemical use in agriculture.
They will save the world with GE drought tolerant seeds and
other seed traits that will provide resilience in times of
the GE emperor (Monsanto) has no clothes. All of these claims
have been established as false over years of experience all
across the world. The Global Citizens Report The Emperor
Has No Clothes brings together evidence from the ground
of Monsantos and the industrys false promises
and failed technology.Download
are increasingly health conscious, they want to avoid products
that contain health-damaging ingredients.
High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is one of those substances
to avoid when making healthy choices.
Used as a sweetener, HFCS is much cheaper than regular sugar,
and extends the shelf life of many processed products. But
it has been linked to many health problems such as dementia,
cancer and liver failure. For this reason, many consumers
scrutinise food labels for harmful HFCS.
New troubling scientific studies reveal how high fructose
corn syrup-containing foods are causing yet another unwanted
side effect heart failure.
Many experts conclude that sugar and HFCS are key factors
in todays obesity epidemic. HFCS and sugar are linked
to many other serious health issues, including not only heart
disease, but metabolic syndrome and high triglyceride levels.
In the past 30 years, the obesity rates in the US, and other
fast-food nations, have sky-rocketed. Obesity rates in the
United States, home to all the Big Food corporations, are
among the highest in the world. Two out of every three Americans
are considered to be overweight or obese.
Between 1986 and 2000, the prevalence of severe obesity (BMI
= 40 kg/m2) quadrupled from one in two hundred Americans to
one in fifty, the LA Times reported.
Known as the Big Food Sugar Switch, a professor for cell biology
at ETH Zurichs Institute for Molecular Health Sciences,
Wilhelm Krek summarizes the problem with todays nutrition.
He explains that fructose was a replacement for glucose, which
at one point in time, was believed to be better for consumers.
Unfortunately, the assumption that fructose including
high fructose corn syrup was any better, was dead wrong.
Furthermore, mercury is used in the production process of
many types of fructose. So products which contain fructose
also often contain traces of mercury. Read
Fruits Farm & Creamery in Champaign is looking to revitalize
the I-57 corridor by taking farmers products to market
in Chicago. The Central Illinois farm sent goat cheese to
a Chicago restaurant via Amtrak. Read
Are Biodynamic Foods and Why Should You Be Eating Them?
by Lauren Mazzo
All About Organics,
a family farm. You probably see sunshine, green pastures,
happy and free-grazing cows, bright red tomatoes, and a cheery
old farmer who works day and night to tend to the place. What
you probably aren't picturing: the cheery old farmer spraying
crops down with pesticides and tilling soil with artificial
fertilizers and chemicals, or sprinkling antibiotics into
his cows' feed before squishing them into a too-small stall.
The sad truth is that when the world became industrialized,
our food system became industrialized too. This might sound
like a good thing. (Hey, it means we can get avocados year-round,
whatever specific apple hybrid we want, and enough beef to
satisfy our burger cravings, right?) But nowadays, most farms
look more like factories than like sources of freshly grown
And that's where biodynamic farming comes init's taking
food production back to the roots.
What Is Biodynamic Farming?
Biodynamic farming is a way of viewing a farm as "a living
organism, self-contained, self-sustaining, and following the
cycles of nature," says Elizabeth Candelario, managing
director at Demeter, the world's only certifier of biodynamic
farms and products. Think of it as organicbut better.
This all might sound super hippy dippy, but it's really just
taking farming back to its basics: no fancy antibiotics, pesticides,
or artificial fertilizers. "Pest control, disease control,
weed control, fertilityall of these things are addressed
through the farming system itself instead of importing the
solutions from the outside," says Candelario. For example,
instead of using an artificial nitrogen fertilizer, farmers
will alternate crop cycles, incorporate the use of animal
manure, or plant certain fertilizing plants to maintain the
richness of the soil. It's like Little House on the Prairie
but in modern times.
In biodynamic farms, farmers strive to maintain a diversified,
balanced ecosystem with ecological, social, and economic sustainability.
Theoretically, a perfect biodynamic farm could exist inside
its own little bubble. Read Article
CHAIN WORKERS ORGANIZATION CALLS FOR MAY DAY (INTERNATIONAL
WORKERS DAY) STRIKE We join The Movement for
Black Lives, National Domestic Workers Alliance, HEAL Food
Alliance, and several West Coast unions in striking for dignified
jobs for all. We strike because we do not accept exclusion
based on religion, race, gender identity, class, or immigration
status. On May Day, work for no one, buy nothing, and dont
go to school. Come out to the streets to demonstrate our unity
and collective power.
are Sweet Potatoes grown by a neighbor in the Bloomington
area during the 2016 garden season. These are the last remaining
in my pantry. Each has a different texture and color and holds
cooked. The one with its orange color, I was told makes the
best pies, with really fluffy texture; the redish one behind,
I think is a Vardaman (the skin was crazy thick and needed
to be removed), makes great home fries, fries, soups and stews
(love it with a nutbutter) while the one to the far right,
is called O Henry and has a white flesh, is not as sweet and
makes a great replacement for a white potato. I have used
them in soups, potato salad, pot pies, and hash browns because
this one really holds up very well.
year, I grew out a sweet potato and had the pleasure of seeing
it develop a number of tiny morning glory like flowers (they
are in the same family) and I saved seed, or what I thought
would be the seeds. I am planting them in a pot, unless I
find a gardener who would like to see if they are viable and
take them on.
require fewer inputs and less labor than other crops and tolerate
many types of marginal growing conditions.
can see the effects of the growing condition on these sweet
potatoes. It was a wild weather growing season in 2016! The
stress was all on the outside and the flesh, even as I write
this (March 2017) is in wonderful shape! Local Food
Collection Supports Cyclone-hit Fiji as part of Global Genebank
genetic resources is important for keeping crops safe and
ensuring global food supplies. For that, genebanks and food
security groups have created a world wide web of
Center for Pacific Crops and Trees in Fiji
Center for Pacific Crops and Trees in Fiji
support, aiming to lend
a hand to those facing crises such as natural disasters or
war. Having a wide range of plant varieties can also be essential
in meeting the challenges of global climate change.
One example is what took
place after tropical cyclone Winston ripped through the south
Pacific in February this year, leaving a wide trail of destruction.
One of the worst storms ever recorded in the Southern Hemisphere,
winds reached 230 kms an hour at peak. Photos taken after
the storm show flattened buildings and toppled over trees.
Another casualty: fields of sweetpotato, a widely grown crop
in many parts of the south Pacific.
The genebank at the Centre
for Pacific Crops and Trees, or CePaCT in Fiji, run by Pacific
Communitys (SPC) Land Resources Division, helps preserve
diversity in such staple crops as sweetpotato, taro, yam,
and banana. The center also distributes plant materials for
growers in the region. The cyclone however meant they werent
in any position to quickly multiply up their sweetpotato stocks.
of CIPs genebank, Dr. David Ellis, got in contact with
Valerie Saena Tuia, Coordinator of the Genetic Resources facility
(CePaCT) at SPC, in Fiji. Would they need some help with getting
hard-hit farmers back on their feet?
to the request to send different varieties of sweetpotato
to the Pacific island nation. Genetic materials sent across
international borders need to be certified as disease-free,
so the scientists at CIP prepared 200 test tubes with plants
in each one. That material will be multiplied in Fiji, saving
months of growing time and allowing for a much quicker recovery
for its agricultural sector.
genebank community is family-network and we wanted to know
what we could do to help. Genebanks work very closely with
each other, Dr. Ellis said.
was an effort from Peru to get material to Fiji so they can
get a head start on bulking it up and farmers can start planting
as soon as possible. They have five times the material to
start with than they would have had otherwise, he said,
adding that the sharing of resources is part of our
Mills inks supply contract with Organic Valley -
3rd-largest U.S. organic, natural foods producer invests in
U.S. organic dairy industry General Mills, Inc. (GMI), the third-largest
U.S. producer of organic and natural foods, has signed an organic
milk supply contract with Organic Valley, the largest U.S. organic
farmer-owned cooperative with more than $1 billion in sales.
takes step to boost organic food production
By Tom Polansek, Reuters on Jan 14, 2017 at 4:12 p.m.
Farm workers harvest squash from the Chino Farm in Rancho
Santa Fe, California, U.S. on October 3, 2007.
Mike Blake / Reuters
CHICAGO The U.S. Department of Agriculture took a step
toward increasing the production of organic foods which
has not kept pace with demand by launching a program
to certify farmland that growers are in the process of switching
Obtaining certification under the program will allow farmers
to sell products raised in accordance with organic guidelines
for higher prices than conventionally-grown goods, according
to the Organic Trade Association, an industry group. That
should help growers cover the extra costs associated with
transitioning to organic farming, the group said.
Demand for organic foods has been strong as consumers are
increasingly seeking products considered to be more natural
and healthy. In 2015, total organic product sales hit a new
high of $43.3 billion, up 11 percent from the previous year's
record level, according to the Organic
pinnacle of refreshment can be found in Upland's Wheat Ale,
a Belgian-style witbier. Subtle complexities of spice and
chamomile bring depth to the light citrusy ale. This beer,
having been a local favorite dating back to 1998, has grown
to be a Midwest staple. Although drinking this ale on its
own while basking in sunshine may bring a smile to your face,
pairing this beverage with goat cheese, spring vegetables,
green curries, egg dishes, or light seafood can gracefully
elevate one's experience.
The utility of the Wheat Ale is also showcased at Upland in
the form of a house-made beer jam. A reduction of the wheat
with additions of sugar and herbs enhances the citrus and
adds a subtle freshness to create a spreadable decadence fit
for any cheese board.
To Make Healthy, Natural Sunflower Seed Butter
seed butter is creamy, versatile, delicious, and its
an awesome substitute for nut butter. This recipe from Oh
She Glows is more than just plain ground sunflower seedsit
also features cinnamon, coconut sugar, and coconut oil. It
As a great source of fiber, essential vitamins, and minerals,
sunflower seeds are one of the healthiest seeds. Half a cup
provides vitamin E, B6, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus,
manganese, and zinc. Some research suggests sunflower seeds
are a heart healthy functional food because they contain phytosterols,
phytonutrients that promote normal cholesterol levels.
Sunflower Seed Butter Recipe
Prep time: 15 minutes
Cook time: 20 minutes
Yield: 16 ounces
Parchment paper (optional)
Food processor or blender
3 cups of organic, raw, unsalted, shelled sunflower seeds
1/4 cup organic coconut (palm) sugar
1 tbsp organic unrefined coconut oil
Pinch of Himalayan crystal salt
1/2 tsp organic cinnamon
Preheat oven to 350°F.
Spread sunflower seeds in a single layer on a baking
sheet (preferably lined with parchment paper) and place in
the oven. Seeds are ready once they have a golden hue, about
10-15 minutes depending on your oven. Watch closely so they
Allow roasted seeds to cool a few minutes, then pour into
food processor. Discard any burnt seeds.
Process seeds on high until they have a loose, grainy consistency,
about 2 minutes. Use a spatula to push the powder down. Add
coconut oil in dollops and process until fully combined, about
Scrape the bowl down with a spatula. Evenly add remaining
ingredients to the food processor. Process for 2-4 minutes.
The sunflower seed butter will look chunky at first but will
get smoother the longer its processed. Process the mixture
until you reach the desired consistency.
Use a spatula to scrape butter into an airtight container
and refrigerate for about 2 hours before using (it will remain
spreadable). The sunflower seed butter will stay fresh for
about two months in the refrigerator.
Results may vary. Information and statements
made are for education purposes and are not intended to replace
the advice of your doctor. Global Healing Center does not
dispense medical advice, prescribe, or diagnose illness. The
views and nutritional advice expressed by Global Healing Center
are not intended to be a substitute for conventional medical
service. If you have a severe medical condition or health
concern, see your physician.by Dr. Edward Group DC, NP, DACBN,
DCBCN, DABFM Published on December 26, 2016 Global
Alley's MADE Gallery
last year you may have heard about a growing maker community
at 1607 South Rogers, called Artisan Alley. They have weekly
workshops, frequent Art, Music and Performance Exhibitions
and regular Arts Markets, including one this weekend March
18th from 10-4. This free and family friendly event will host
many local musicians, artists and crafter's while entertainment
and food trucks will be present.
Alley, now Bloomington's largest collection of resident artists,
has expanded to 222 W. 2nd Street, just off of the B-Line
Trail and wants to celebrate our newest service called 'MADE',
a gift-shop geared towards selling gifts, crafts, and goods
from local emerging and professional artists. MADE is offering
a new co-work environment with a computer lab, print stations
and conference rooms for our members.
about our activities and services, please visit www.artisanalley.com
or stop into MADE Tuesdays-Saturdays from 10am-6pm.
can only be had by maintaining and improving our natural foundations.
Clean water and air are essential to having healthy food supplies.
people have heard the statement, money talks and
it represents the choices we make thereby showing our point
and Monsanto: A Merger of Two Evils
Organic Consumers Association
by Katherine Paul
Food Safety, Health Issues
been about a week since Monsanto and Bayer confirmed their
intention to say I doample time for media,
lawmakers, consumer and farmer advocacy groups, and of course
the happy couple themselves, to weigh in on the pros and cons.
Reactions poured in from all the usual suspects.
Groups like the Farmers Union, Food & Water Watch, Friends
of the Earth and others didnt mince words when it came
to condemning the deal. (Organic Consumers Association tagged
it a Marriage Made in Hell back in May, pre-announcement,
when the two mega-corporations were still doing their mating
Predictably, the corporate heads of state last week promoted
the proposed $66-billion deal as an altruistic plan to improve
the lives of growers and people around the world.
This week, they told Senate Judiciary Committee members that
the merger is needed to meet a rising food demand.
Is anyone out there still buying the line that Monsanto and
Bayer are in the business of feeding the world? When the
evidence says otherwise?
Even if that claim werent ludicrous, who thinks its
a good idea to entrust the job of feeding the world
to the likes of Bayer, a company that as part of the I.G.
Farben cartel in the 1940s produced the poison gas for the
Nazi concentration camps, and more recently sold HIV-infected
drugs to parents of haemophiliacs in foreign countries, causing
thousands of children to die of AIDS?
The sordid, unethical, greedy, monopolizing and downright
criminal histories of both Monsanto and Bayer have been well
documented.. Does allowing them to merge into the worlds
largest seed and pesticide company pose what two former Justice
Department officials call "a five-alarm threat to our
food supply and to farmers around the world?"
In a press release, Pesticide Action Network senior scientist
Marcia Ishii-Eiteman said:
"Just six corporations already dominate worldwide seed
and pesticide markets. Additional consolidation will increase
prices and further limit choices for farmers, while allowing
Monsanto and friends to continue pushing a model of agriculture
that has given us superweeds, superbugs and health-harming
pesticides. Instead, we need to invest in agroecological,
resilient and productive farming.
Without question, this deal, which strengthens the ties between
Big Pharma, Big Food and Big Biotech, will hurt farmers and
Not to mention an ecosystem already on the brink.
But for those of us committed to ridding the world of toxic
pesticides and hideous factory farms, to restoring biodiversity,
to cleaning up our waterways, to revitalizing local economies,
to helping small farmers thrive, to reclaiming and regenerating
the worlds soils so they can do their jobproduce
nutrient-dense food while drawing down and sequestering carbonthe
marriage of Bayer and Monsanto doesnt change much.
As we wrote last week when the deal was announced, Monsanto
will probably pack up its headquarters and head overseas.
The much-maligned Monsanto name will be retired.
But a corporate criminal by any other nameor sizeis
still a corporate criminal.
Merger or no merger, our job remains the same: to expose the
crimes and end the toxic tyranny of a failed agricultural
experiment. #MillionsAgainstMonsanto will simply morph into
Feed the world? Or feed the lobbyists?
Bayer and Monsanto had plenty of time to perfect their spin
on the merger before the big announcement. Yet even some of
the most conservative media outlets saw through it.
A Bloomberg headline read: Heroin, Nazis, and Agent
Orange: Inside the $66 Billion Merger of the Year. From
Two friends making dyes from coal-tar started Bayer in 1863,
and it developed into a chemical and drug company famous for
introducing heroin as a cough remedy in 1896, then aspirin
in 1899. The company was a Nazi contractor during World War
II and used forced labor. Today, the firm based in Leverkusen,
Germany, makes drugs and has a crop science unit, which makes
weed and bug killers. Its goal is to dominate the chemical
and drug markets for people, plants and animals.
Monsanto, founded in 1901, originally made food additives
like saccharin before expanding into industrial chemicals,
pharmaceuticals and agriculture products. Its famous
for making some controversial and highly toxic chemicals like
polychlorinated biphenyls, now banned and commonly known as
PCBs, and the herbicide Agent Orange, which was used by the
U.S. military in Vietnam. It commercialized Roundup herbicide
in the 1970s and began developing genetically modified corn
and soybean seeds in the 1980s. In 2000, a new Monsanto emerged
from a series of corporate mergers.
A skeptical Wall Street Journal reporter suggested that the
merger, one of three in the works in the ag industry, is a
sign of trouble: The dominance of genetically modified
crops is under threat, wrote Jacob Bunge on September
14. Bunge interviewed Ohio farmer Joe Logan who told him:
The price we are paying for biotech seed now,
were not able to capture the returns, said Ohio
farmer Joe Logan. This spring, Mr. Logan loaded up his planter
with soybean seeds costing $85 a bag, nearly five times what
he paid two decades ago. Next spring, he says, he plans to
sow many of his corn and soybean fields with non-biotech seeds
to save money.
Nasdaq took the merger announcement as an opportunity to highlight
numbers published by OpenSecrets.org showing that Monsanto
and Bayer are not only the two largest agrichemical corporations
in the world, theyre also two of the biggest spenders
when it comes to lobbying.
Together, according to OpenSecrets, Bayer and Monsanto have
spent about $120 million on lobbying in the last decade. Monsantos
spending has been largely focused on the agricultural industry,
while Bayer has spent heavily in the pharmaceutical arena.
Both Monsanto and Bayer forked over millions to keep labels
off of foods that contain GMOs, according to OpenSecrets:
A big issue for both companies has been labeling of genetically
modified foods, which both companies oppose. That put them
in support of the Safe and Accurate Food Labeling Act (H.R.
1599), which was signed into law this summer. The law permits
corporations to identify products made with genetically modified
organisms in ways that critics argue will be hard for consumers
to interpret, while superseding state laws that are sometimes
tougher, like the one in Vermont.
To be clear, the Safe and Accurate Food Labeling
was just an intentionally misleading description of a bill
intended to protect corporations from having to reveal the
GMO ingredients in their products.
A criminal by any other name
Last week, the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague
made a big announcement of its own. For the first time in
history, the ICC will prioritise crimes that result
in the destruction of the environment, exploitation
of natural resources and the illegal dispossession
of land, according to a report in the Guardian.
The announcement came within the same two-week period as three
new reports on the sad state of our ecosystem, all of which
implicate industrial agriculture:
Researchers at the University of
Virginia University of Virginia reported that widespread adoption
of GMO crops has decreased the use of insecticides, but increased
the use of weed-killing herbicides as weeds become more resistant,
leading to serious environmental damage.
Mother Jones magazine reported that
A Massive Sinkhole Just Dumped Radioactive Waste Into
Florida Water The cause? A fertilizer company deep in the
heart of phosphate country.
NASA and the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) said that when it comes
to global warming, even the records themselves are breaking
records now after reporting that Earth just experienced
its hottest August on record. Whats that got to do with
Bayer and Monsanto? Industrial, chemical, degenerative agriculture
is the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Organic
regenerative agriculture, by contrast, holds the greatest
promise for drawing down and sequestering excess carbon from
Whether or not regulators approve the Bayer-Monsanto merger,
these companies will continue their rampage against nature.
Governments and courts have a lousy track record when it comes
to holding these, and other, corporations accountable for
the damage theyve inflicted, over decades, on human
health and the environment.
The ICC has signaled that this may change. In the meantime,
frustrated with the lack of action and fed up with paying
the price for making corporations like Bayer and Monsanto
filthy rich, the grassroots are fighting back.
On October 15-16, a panel of distinguished international judges
will hear testimony from 30 witnesses and scientific and legal
experts from five continents who have been injured by Monsantos
products. This grassroots-led international citizens
tribunal and Peoples Assembly (October 14-16) will culminate
in November with the release of advisory opinions prepared
by the judges. The tribunals work, which includes making
the case for corporations to be prosecuted for ecocide, is
made all the more relevant by the ICCs announcement.
The International Monsanto Tribunal is named for Monsanto,
the perfect poster child. But the advisory opinions, which
will form the basis for future legal action, will be applicable
to all agrichemical companiesincluding Bayer.
In the meantime, we encourage citizens around the world who
cannot participate in the official tribunal and Peoples
Assembly, to show solidarity by organizing their own World
Food Day March Against Monsanto.
Monsanto. Bayer. The name doesnt matter, and though
size does matter when it comes to throwing weight around,
the crimes perpetrated by the companies remain the same. Its
time to stop them.
Katherine Paul is associate director of the Organic Consumers
juice shown to prevent prostate cancer
all cancer types, prostate cancer is one of the most common.
It is also the second leading cause of death from cancer
among American men. However, there are natural ways to defend
against prostate cancer and other cancer types. One of the
most powerful preventative measures is proper dietary supplementation
with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant agents like, pomegranate
juice. ... Dena Schmidt, staff writer. Read
Electric Acquires US Groundwater Distribution Companies
IN, APRIL 11, 2017 -- Franklin Electric Co. Inc. (NASDAQ:FELE)
announced today that it has reached agreement to acquire controlling
interests in three distributors in the U.S. professional groundwater
market. Franklin Electric will acquire 2M Company Inc. of
Billings, Montana; Western Hydro Holding Corporation of Hayward,
California and Drillers Service Inc. (DSI) of Hickory, North
Carolina for approximately $89 million in the aggregate, which
includes assumed debt. The 2M and Western Hydro transactions
have closed and the Company expects the DSI acquisition to
close before the end of the second quarter 2017.
Franklin Electric's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer,
commented: "The specialized groundwater distribution
channel in the U.S. through which we sell our products is
an important element in the ultimate sale, support and specification
to the installing contractors. Working in partnership with
our distributors, Franklin Electric has developed a broad
array of products and systems solutions that will only grow
as regulatory and efficiency demands increase in North America. Continue
and Nutrition Research
Study: Butter's not so bad -Thinkstock
Butter was not associated with chronic disease or mortality
in a review of research from Tufts.
Shara Rutberg | Dec 01, 2016
Nope, butter wont kill you, according to a recent review
Tufts University researchers took data from nine previous
studies that included 636,151 people and did a meta-analysis
of the relative risk of eating butter. The average butter consumption
across the studies ranged from roughly one-third of a tablespoon
to 3.2 tablespoons daily.
Related: Non-fat milk, out. Full-fat dairy, in.
The researchers found mostly small or insignificant associations
of each daily serving of butter with total mortality, cardiovascular
disease and diabetes. The results were published in the journal
"Even though people who eat more butter generally have
worse diets and lifestyles, it seemed to be pretty neutral overall,"
researcher Laura Pimpin, Ph.D., former postdoctoral fellow at
the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts
in Boston, said in a university release. "This suggests
that butter may be a 'middle-of-the-road' food: a more healthful
choice than sugar or starch, such as the white bread or potato
on which butter is commonly spread and which have been linked
to higher risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease; and a
worse choice than many margarines and cooking oilsthose
rich in healthy fats such as soybean, canola, flaxseed and extra
virgin olive oilswhich would likely lower risk compared
with either butter or refined grains, starches, and sugars."
Natural foods consumers have been embracing butter and other
full-fat dairy delights. For years, conventional wisdom
was that a diet low in fat was the best way to stay healthy,
Dan Brooks, creative director for Vital Farms, a conscious company
with a butter SKU that contains 85 percent fat, told newhope.com last
year. He added that the newest slew of studies suggest that
eating whole-milk products may even help stave off obesity.
This research, paired with high-profile, fat-focused diets like
Bulletproof (which encourages followers to stir butter, ghee
or coconut oil into morning coffee), ketogenic and paleo, has
contributed to the notion that, fat, well, doesnt make
you fat. Rather, eating fat keeps you full for longer. The
current popularity in high-fat diets is still just the beginning,
but hopefully widespread acceptance is not far off,
Brooks continued. READ
lawmaker pushes bill to lower lead levels in drinking water
By Devin Henry - 04/06/17 11:25 AM EDT
WASHINGTON, DC, APRIL 10, 2017 -- A congressman representing
Flint, Mich., introduced a bill that would require the Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) to lower the acceptable levels of lead
in drinking water, expanding sampling and testing procedures.
Rep. Dan Kildee (D-Mich.) said the EPA needs to strengthen
its Lead and Copper Rule in light of the water crisis in Flint,
according to The Hill.
In a statement,
Kildee said: "After what happened to my hometown of Flint,
we must strengthen and update the Lead and Copper Rule to
provide greater transparency for families. Updating this outdated
rule will not only protect public health, it will restore
public confidence in their water systems. We must learn from
the failures of government that lead to the Flint water crisis
to prevent a similar man-made emergency from happening elsewhere."Read
Detected in Drinking Water in Agricultural Area
Apr. 5, 2017 Concern over the use of neonicotinoid pesticides
is growing as studies find them in rivers and streams, and link
them with declining bee populations and health effects in other
animals. Now ... READ
important to recognize the brillance of our ancestors in saving
seed and plants to ensure a strong sustainable food heritage.
Each in our own way can do something to assist in developing
a regenerative food and environmental system. We have the opportunity
to preserve much of what remains. May we be inspired to learn
how to save a seed for a beloved food that comes out of the
garden or even to care for a fruitng plant or tree. A.O.M.
Once restricted to the continent's midsection, this adaptable
predator now roams from coast to coast
A coyote crosses a street at dawn in San Francisco (above),
one of many cities where the predator thrives. In Illinois,
another Canis latrans (right) devours a vole it caught beneath
2015, A COYOTE MADE HEADLINES when it was spotted on the rooftop
of a bar in Queens. It was hardly the first such sighting
in the local news. That spring alone, coyotes were reported
in the Bronx, suburban New Jersey and a tony neighborhood
on Manhattan's Upper West Side. The latter set off a three-hour
police chase that shut down the city's Riverside Park. One
resident told The New York Times she had not seen so much
commotion since a man was caught running naked through the
City coyotes such as these are frequently in the public spotlight,
but it's not just urban areas that have been colonized in
recent decades by this uniquely North American predator. Historically
confined to the deserts and prairies of Mexico and the central
United States, coyotes today inhabit nearly every part of
the continent, from tundra, grasslands and forests to city
parks and suburban backyards.
Scientists cite several reasons for this remarkable range
expansion, including the coyote's intelligence, adaptability
and rapid reproduction. In addition, humans have helped the
animals spread by converting forests to more hospitable open
lands and by killing off cougars, wolves and other large predators
that once competed with or preyed on coyotes.
Medium-sized carnivores that weigh in at about 25 to 45 pounds,
coyotes also "occupy a sweet spot in terms of size,"
says Brent Patterson, a research scientist with the Ontario
Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry who has studied
the predators since the 1990s. Unlike gray wolves, which top
the scale at 60 to 140 pounds or more, coyotes can survive
on a diet of small prey like mice and voles. Because of their
lower energetic requirements and diet flexibility, the predators
can live in small habitat patches, a clear advantage in human-dominated
Biologists with Chicago's Urban Coyote Research Program measure
a 4-week-old coyote pup. Among other findings, the scientists
have discovered that city coyotes prefer natural foods such
as mice over garbage or pet cats.
While the impact of coyote expansion is complex, there is
evidence the carnivores can benefit some wildlife, especially
birds, by keeping other predators at bay. In a landmark 1999
study published in Nature, scientists in southeastern California
found that patches of sage-scrub habitat with resident coyotes
had a higher diversity of native birds, including California
quail, spotted towhee and Bewick's and cactus wrens, than
patches without coyotes. The likely reason, the researchers
said, is that more coyotes mean fewer small predators such
as opossums, raccoons and, especially, domestic cats. Each
year free-ranging cats kill billions of birds and mammals
In more recent work, Roland Kays, head of the North Carolina
Museum of Natural Sciences' Biodiversity Lab, enlisted hundreds
of citizen scientists in six eastern states to survey cats,
coyotes and other mammals using camera traps at 2,117 sites,
including protected wild lands, city parks and residential
backyards. Their results, published in 2015 in the Journal
of Mammalogy, showed that in protected areas, coyotes were
abundant while cats were rare. The opposite was true in suburban
yards, where coyotes were rare and cats were 300 times more
abundant than in protected areas. Cats appear to be avoiding
habitats where coyotes roam, Kays says. Native to North America,
coyotes rarely prey on the songbirds killed by cats, which
are nonnative. Thus coyotes "restore a balance of nature
by controlling invasive predators," Kays says.
At the same time, coyotes prey on domestic cats far less frequently
than pet owners fear. In Chicago, biologists with the Urban
Coyote Research Program analyzed more than 1,400 coyote scat
samples to determine what the predators eat. The most common
foods were small rodents (42 percent of samples), fruit (23
percent), deer (22 percent) and rabbit (18 percent). Less
than 2 percent contained signs of either garbage or cats.
not as much predation on domestic animals as most people think,"
says David Drake, a wildlife ecologist at the University of
Wisconsin-Madison who recently launched a long-term study
of coyotes in and around that city. Drake says preliminary
analysis of his scat data suggests that Madison coyotes also
prefer natural foods such as mice over garbage and pets.
Sometimes, coyotes have a negative impact on wildlife, including
endangered species. When 137 black-footed ferrets were released
in Arizona, Montana and South Dakota in the 1990s, for example,
coyotes killed at least 37 of the 55 ferrets that died within
the first 14 days after release. Coyote predation also "has
been an issue for an endangered caribou population on the
Gaspé Peninsula" in Canada, says Patterson. "Coyotes
occupy just about every niche on the continent, so it makes
sense that their role varies across space and time."
Rarely, coyotes do go after cats, dogs and even people, particularly
when they have grown accustomed to viewing humans as providers
of food. To some authorities, killing the predators is the
answer to such incidents, but these efforts inevitably fail
to reduce coyote numbers.
Indeed, for much of the 20th century, the U.S. government
invested tens of millions of dollars killing millions of coyotes-a
program that continues on a smaller scale today. (A little
known federal agency, Wildlife Services, shoots some 80,000
coyotes annually in response to concerns from the livestock
industry.) Unlike wolves, which succumbed quickly to such
"predator control" measures, "decades of intensive
persecution ... did not eradicate coyotes," writes Dan
Flores in his 2016 book Coyote America. "Yet the unrelenting
pressure on them did invoke an ancient coyote biological imperative:
It triggered larger litters of pups and colonization behavior
that pushed them into new settings everywhere"-the species'
stunning range expansion that Flores calls "coyote Manifest
In Southern California, the City of Calabasas is seen as a
model for human-coyote coexistence. After abandoning lethal
control in 2011, authorities now encourage human behavioral
changes, from scaring coyotes with loud noises to keeping
food from them, so the predators do not become habituated
and create a potential danger. "Most people are unaware
they are unintentionally attracting coyotes to their yards,"
says Randi Feilich, a Calabasas resident and representative
of the conservation group Project Coyote. Pet bowls, bird
feeders that attract rodents, accessible trash cans and even
fallen fruit can lure coyotes. Pets also can draw unwanted
attention. "In my neighborhood," says Feilich, "people
have taken measures to protect their pets-mostly bringing
them in at night" when coyotes tend to hunt.
Feilich says people move to Calabasas to be surrounded by
beautiful, open space. Most of them also realize they are
moving into coyote country. But whether we move into their
space or they move into ours, these adaptable predators are
here to stay. Fortunately, humans also are an adaptable species.
We might even learn to be good neighbors ourselves.
In San Francisco, a coyote seems ready to play or pounce as
a pet dog pauses with its owner. Coyotes that become habituated
to people or pets pose a potential threat and may become labeled
as nuisance animals, which are often killed. Here are some
ways to prevent such coyote conflicts:
Do not feed coyotes: Feeding coyotes-even unintentionally-may
cause them to lose their fear of humans and ultimately consider
people or their pets as possible prey. Avoid leaving out pet
food or garbage at night. Coyotes also may be drawn to the
squirrels and other rodents that gather spilled seed from
Do not let pets run loose: Cats and dogs left outside, even
in yards with fences, may be at risk for coyote predation.
While electric fences can keep pets in, they do not keep coyotes
out. When walking dogs in parks, keep the animals on leashes.
Do not run from coyotes: Most coyotes try to avoid people,
but may not if they have become accustomed to humans. If you
are approached by a coyote, try yelling, waving your arms
or throwing something. Do not run away, a behavior that might
make you appear to be potential prey.
Parts Used & Where Grown
Like its close cousins garlic , chives, scallions, and leeks,
onion is a member of the lily family (Liliaceae). It is native
to Eurasia but now grows all over the world, due mostly to
people bringing it with them as a staple food wherever they
migrated. The French explorer Pere Marquette was saved from
starvation in 1624 by eating wild onions near the present
site of Chicagoµthe name of the city is derived from
a Native American word for the odor of onions.1 The bulb of
the plant is used medicinally.
Traditional Use (May Not Be Supported by Scientific Studies)
Onion has been used as food for many centuries.2 Onion was
also a popular folk remedy, being applied to tumors, made
into a syrup for relieving coughs , or prepared in a tincture
(using gin) to relieve dropsy (heart failurerelated edema).3
It was considered a weaker version of garlic by many herbal
practitioners. Like garlic, onion has a longstanding but unsubstantiated
reputation as an aphrodisiac. Health
Libray Blue Shield of California
of Chemicals That Mimic Transcriptional Changes Associated
With Autism, Brain Aging and Neurodegeneration
July 18, 2016- Nature Communications - Scientific
find that rotenone, a pesticide associated with Parkinson's
disease risk, and certain fungicides including pyraclostrobin,
trifloxystrobin, famoxadone and fenamidone, produce transcriptional
changes in vitro that are similar to those seen in brain samples
from humans with autism, advanced age and neurodegeneration
(Alzheimers disease and Huntingtons disease)
produce for sale at a supermarket in Quincy, Mass. By Stephan
say you're a farmer in the Midwest, growing conventional corn
and soybeans. Times are tough right now. Prices are in the
If only you were selling organic soybeans and corn. They're
worth almost twice as much, per bushel, as your conventional
So why not grow organic crops instead? There's a catch. You'd
have to follow the organic rules, renouncing synthetic pesticides
and fertilizer, for three entire years before any of your
crops could be sold as organic. For those three "transition"
years, you'd have the worst of all worlds: Low organic yields
and low conventional prices.
The Organic Trade Association, which represents America's
biggest organic food companies, wants to make it easier for
farmers to get over this hurdle. And its proposal has just
been approved by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It's
a new certification for food grown during this transition
period. This certification, the OTA hopes, will put money
in farmers' pockets and encourage them to take the leap into
"This is all about creating more organic farms here in
America," says George Kalogridis, who works for the Clarkson
Grain Company in Cerro Gordo, Ill. Clarkson Grain buys and
sells both organic and non-GMO corn and soybeans.
"What's driven this is the organic animal-feed market,"
says Kalogridis. There's been a chronic shortage of organic
grain in the United States in recent years, and without more
organic grain to feed chickens and cows, it's hard to satisfy
consumers' hunger for organic meat, milk and eggs.
Kalogridis says that many farmers are ready to go organic,
and this new certification will make it feasible. "We've
identified 150,000 to 250,000 acres that could be transitioned,"
he says, "and that could be ramped up rather quickly."
Clarkson Grain, he says, expects to offer farmers higher prices
for transitional crops, about halfway between the prices of
organic and conventional grain. The company will pass that
increased price along to buyers, such as poultry farmers,
who also are moving into organic production.
It's not clear, however, whether "transitional"
food will fetch higher prices in a supermarket. One problem
is the wording of a label for such food. The word "transitional"
isn't exactly catchy marketing, and food companies may not
be allowed to say much more than that.
"On-package labeling [of transitional food] is going
to be a challenge for retailers, says Nate Lewis, OTA's director
of farm policy. According to Nate Lewis, food companies can't
imply that "transitional" food is organic. In fact,
the label on this food can't even mention the word organic.
"The O-word is clearly regulated by the National Organic
Program," he says.
The value of this certification, Lewis say, may lie not in
the supermarket but farther back the supply chain. Many egg
producers or dairies also are interested in getting into organic
production, and they're looking for new suppliers. They may
pay extra for certified transitional grain, if it helps them
lock in a reliable supply of organic animal feed for the future.
Finds 6,600 Spills From Fracking in Just Four States
February 21, 2017
A screengrab from the study's interactive map shows a decade's
worth of spills of more than 5,000 gallons of pollutants from
pipeline leaks at North Dakota hydraulic fracturing sites. Source:
Science for Nature and People Partnership Credit: Science for
Nature and People Partnership
Each year, 2 to 16 percent of hydraulically fractured oil and
gas wells spill hydrocarbons, chemical-laden water, hydraulic
fracturing fluids and other substances, according to a new study.The
analysis, which appears Feb. 21 in Environmental Science &
Technology, identified 6,648 spills reported across Colorado,
New Mexico, North Dakota and Pennsylvania during a 10-year period.
"This study provides important insights into the frequency,
volume, and cause of spills," said Lauren Patterson, policy
associate at Duke University's Nicholas Institute for Environmental
Policy Solutions and the study's lead author.
Researchers examined state-level spill data to characterize
spills associated with unconventional oil and gas development
at 31,481 wells hydraulically fractured or "fracked"
in the four states between 2005 and 2014.
"State spill data holds great promise for risk identification
and mitigation," Patterson said. "However, reporting
requirements differ across states, requiring considerable effort
to make the data usable for analysis."
North Dakota reported the highest spill rate, with 4,453 incidents,
followed by Pennsylvania at 1,293, Colorado at 476 and New Mexico
at 426. The number of spills reported is partly a reflection
of the reporting requirements set by each state. For example,
North Dakota required reporting smaller spills (42 gallons or
more) than Colorado and New Mexico (210 gallons or more).
"As this form of energy production increases, state efforts
to reduce spill risk could benefit from making data more uniform
and accessible to better provide stakeholders with important
information on where to target efforts for locating and preventing
future spills," Patterson added. Continue
Small Country With a Large Food Cluster
09/27/2016 03:20 pm ET | Updated Sep 27, 2016
Karen Haekkerup CEO of the Danish trade association Danish
Agriculture & Food Council
Bustrup Deputy Director General of Confederation of Danish
Located in Northern Europe, the Danish landscape is ideal
for agriculture. In fact, out of our total area of 10.6
million acres more than 60 percent is cultivated. In
the growth season, we have many hours of daylight which help
us produce strong, healthy plants and animals. And today,
all hours all year round, Danish companies are hard at work
producing Danish favorites for the world marketfrom
the classic Danish butter cookies to trendy organic treats.
How did a small country become a major exporter
of value products? This story started more than
a century ago when grain prices dropped. At that time, Danish
farmers found that they could make a better living by exporting
animal products. However, animal products are more risky than
crops and mean more organization and cooperation.
Danish farmers have always worked together and shared
the latest advances in agricultural technique. Today,
farmers as well as the food industry works closely
with universities to develop innovative solutions for better
and more efficient, environmentally friendly production. Thus,
research and innovation has been an important parameter for
corporate competitiveness and the success of the Danish
food industry. Read
better prepared for reading articles and reports on genetically
modified organisms (GMO); browse the Center's
biotechnology and food glossary of terms.This
group offers information, resources and how to get
involved in pressuring Congress to take action on labeling
genetically modified food. There's a section on how much GM
food has already entered the U.S. food supply and information
on possible allergen risks and what to look for.
2001 Local Food Bloomington
has been a source of food information about locally owned food resources
in Bloomington, Indiana. Local Food depends on you for information
about what is happening in our community. We look forward to receiving
your information about changes concerning the local food community and
local food resources in general. Local Food welcomes your suggestions,
corrections, reviews, and other information of use concerning local food
to our readers.
We are grateful to be
among the leading resources for local food information and news from the
Bloomington, Indiana area connecting our global food community!